Comparison of the plasma levels of apolipoproteins B and A-1, and other risk factors in men and women with premature coronary artery disease

Peter O. Kwiterovich, Josef Coresh, Hazel H. Smith, Paul S. Bachorik, Carol A. Derby, Thomas A. Pearson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

156 Scopus citations

Abstract

The predictors of premature coronary atherosclerosis were examined in 203 patients (99 men aged ≤50 years, and 104 women aged ≤60 years) undergoing elective diagnostic coronary arteriography. Age, cigarette smoking, hypertension, obesity, diabetes, positive family history of premature coronary artery disease (CAD), and plasma levels of total cholesterol, triglyceride, lipoproteins (i.e., very low, intermediate-, low-, and high-density [HDL] lipoproteins and their subfractions [HDL2 and HDL3], and lipoprotein [a]) and apolipoproteins (apoA-1, apoA-2 and apoB, respectively) were examined using univariate analyses and multivariate logistic regression. In men, age (p < 0.05), smoking (p < 0.05), and plasma triglyceride (p < 0.02) and apoA-1 (p < 0.05) levels were independently associated with CAD. In women, smoking (p < 0.001) and plasma apoB levels (p < 0.04) were the strongest variables independently associated with CAD. It is concluded that the "nontraditional" risk factors (plasma apoA-1 and apoB levels) are better predictors of premature CAD than are plasma lipoproteins and that smoking is the strongest of the traditional nonlipid risk factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1015-1021
Number of pages7
JournalThe American Journal of Cardiology
Volume69
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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