A 3345 bp cDNA was isolated from the fetal brain cDNA library by high throughput cDNA sequencing. The cDNA with an open reading fragment (ORF) of 2241 bp encodes a 747 amino acids putative protein with a DnaJ N-terminus domain and four thioredoxin active sets. So it is named human macrothioredoxin (hMTHr).4 We used Northern blot to detect a band with a length of about 5 kb, which was ubiquitously expressed in human adult tissues with different intensities. The expression pattern was verified by RT-PCR, revealing that the transcripts were ubiquitously expressed in fetal tissues and human tumor tissues also. The transcripts in fetal tissues were more numerous than in adult tissues. The transcripts were high in adult testis, adult pancreas, fetal thymus, and fetal kidney. We have found three splice isoforms with lengths of 3483, 3345, and 2982 bp in the sequencing analysis of the RT-PCR products. They encode three putative proteins with 793, 747, and 275 amino acids, respectively. The first two putative proteins contain a DnaJ domain and four thioredoxin domains. The third putative protein only contains an N-terminus DnaJ domain and one thioredoxin active set. Blast analysis against the NCBI database revealed that the gene spans a genome sequence of about 75 kb that contains at least 25 exons and is located in human chromosome 2q32.1. The organization of the functional motifs of hMTHr suggests that the protein might be a member of a molecular chaperone family.
- Human macrothioredoxin (hMTHr)
- Splice isoform
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Molecular Biology