Adipokines secreted from the infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP), such as adipsin and adiponectin, have been implicated in osteoarthritis pathogenesis. CITED2, a mechanosensitive transcriptional regulator with chondroprotective activity, may modulate their expression. Cited2 haploinsufficient mice (Cited2+/−) on a high-fat diet (HFD) exhibited increased body weight and increased IPFP area compared to wild-type (WT) mice on an HFD. While an exercise regimen of moderate treadmill running induced the expression of CITED2, as well as PGC-1α, and reduced the expression of adipsin and adiponectin in the IPFP of WT mice on an HFD, Cited2 haploinsufficiency abolished the loading-induced expression of PGC-1α and loading-induced suppression of adipsin and adiponectin. Furthermore, knocking down or knocking out CITED2 in adipose stem cells (ASCs)/preadipocytes derived from the IPFP in vitro led to the increased expression of adipsin and adiponectin and reduced PGC-1α, and abolished the loading-induced suppression of adipsin and adiponectin and loading-induced expression of PGC-1α. Overexpression of PGC-1α in these ASC/preadipocytes reversed the effects caused by CITED2 deficiency. The current data suggest that CITED2 is a critical regulator in physiologic loading-induced chondroprotection in the context of an HFD and PGC-1α is required for the inhibitory effects of CITED2 on the expression of adipokines such as adipsin and adiponectin in the IPFP.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- History and Philosophy of Science