cis-Acting sequences that mediate induction of β-myosin heavy chain gene expression during left ventricular hypertrophy due to aortic constriction

Koji Hasegawa, Soo Jin Lee, Shawn M. Jobe, Bruce E. Markham, Richard N. Kitsis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

143 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Marked alterations in the expression of specific genes oCCur during the development of cardiac hypertrophy in vivo. Little is known, however, about the cis-acting elements that mediate these changes in response to clinically relevant hypertrophic stimuli, such as hemodynamic overload, in intact adult animals. Methods and Results: The left ventricular expression of a directly injected reporter gene driven by 3542 bp of rat β-myosin heavy chain (β-MHC) promoter was increased 3.0-fold by aortic constriction (P<.005), an increment similar to the 3.2-fold increase in the level of the endogenous β-MHC mRNA in the same left ventricles. Subsequent analysis identified a 107-bp β-MHC promoter sequence (-303/-197) sufficient to convert a heterologous neutral promoter to one that is activated by aortic constriction. These sequences contain two M-CAT elements, which have previously been demonstrated to mediate inducible expression during α1- adrenergic stimulated hypertrophy in cultured neonatal cardiac myocytes, and a GATA element. Although simultaneous mutation of both M-CAT elements markedly decreased the basal transcriptional activity of an injected 333-bp β-MHC promoter, it had no effect on aortic constriction-stimulated transcription (3,5-fold increase. P<.005 for both wild type and mutant). In contrast, mutation of the GATA motif markedly attenuated aortic constriction- stimulated transcription (1.6-fold, P=NS), without affecting the basal transcriptional activity. This GATA site can interact with in vitro translated GATA-4 and compete with an established GATA site for GATA-4 binding activity in nuclear extracts from aortic constricted hearts. Conclusions: Basal and aortic constriction-stimulated transcription of the β-MHC gene is mediated, at least in part, through different mechanisms. A GATA element within β-MHC sequences -303/-197, plays a role in the transcriptional activation of this gene by aortic constriction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3943-3953
Number of pages11
JournalCirculation
Volume96
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1997

Fingerprint

Myosin Heavy Chains
Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
Constriction
Gene Expression
Mutation
Cardiomegaly
Reporter Genes
Cardiac Myocytes
Adrenergic Agents
Hypertrophy
Transcriptional Activation
Genes
Heart Ventricles
Hemodynamics
Messenger RNA

Keywords

  • Genes
  • Hypertrophy
  • Signal transduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

cis-Acting sequences that mediate induction of β-myosin heavy chain gene expression during left ventricular hypertrophy due to aortic constriction. / Hasegawa, Koji; Lee, Soo Jin; Jobe, Shawn M.; Markham, Bruce E.; Kitsis, Richard N.

In: Circulation, Vol. 96, No. 11, 1997, p. 3943-3953.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - cis-Acting sequences that mediate induction of β-myosin heavy chain gene expression during left ventricular hypertrophy due to aortic constriction

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AU - Lee, Soo Jin

AU - Jobe, Shawn M.

AU - Markham, Bruce E.

AU - Kitsis, Richard N.

PY - 1997

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N2 - Background: Marked alterations in the expression of specific genes oCCur during the development of cardiac hypertrophy in vivo. Little is known, however, about the cis-acting elements that mediate these changes in response to clinically relevant hypertrophic stimuli, such as hemodynamic overload, in intact adult animals. Methods and Results: The left ventricular expression of a directly injected reporter gene driven by 3542 bp of rat β-myosin heavy chain (β-MHC) promoter was increased 3.0-fold by aortic constriction (P<.005), an increment similar to the 3.2-fold increase in the level of the endogenous β-MHC mRNA in the same left ventricles. Subsequent analysis identified a 107-bp β-MHC promoter sequence (-303/-197) sufficient to convert a heterologous neutral promoter to one that is activated by aortic constriction. These sequences contain two M-CAT elements, which have previously been demonstrated to mediate inducible expression during α1- adrenergic stimulated hypertrophy in cultured neonatal cardiac myocytes, and a GATA element. Although simultaneous mutation of both M-CAT elements markedly decreased the basal transcriptional activity of an injected 333-bp β-MHC promoter, it had no effect on aortic constriction-stimulated transcription (3,5-fold increase. P<.005 for both wild type and mutant). In contrast, mutation of the GATA motif markedly attenuated aortic constriction- stimulated transcription (1.6-fold, P=NS), without affecting the basal transcriptional activity. This GATA site can interact with in vitro translated GATA-4 and compete with an established GATA site for GATA-4 binding activity in nuclear extracts from aortic constricted hearts. Conclusions: Basal and aortic constriction-stimulated transcription of the β-MHC gene is mediated, at least in part, through different mechanisms. A GATA element within β-MHC sequences -303/-197, plays a role in the transcriptional activation of this gene by aortic constriction.

AB - Background: Marked alterations in the expression of specific genes oCCur during the development of cardiac hypertrophy in vivo. Little is known, however, about the cis-acting elements that mediate these changes in response to clinically relevant hypertrophic stimuli, such as hemodynamic overload, in intact adult animals. Methods and Results: The left ventricular expression of a directly injected reporter gene driven by 3542 bp of rat β-myosin heavy chain (β-MHC) promoter was increased 3.0-fold by aortic constriction (P<.005), an increment similar to the 3.2-fold increase in the level of the endogenous β-MHC mRNA in the same left ventricles. Subsequent analysis identified a 107-bp β-MHC promoter sequence (-303/-197) sufficient to convert a heterologous neutral promoter to one that is activated by aortic constriction. These sequences contain two M-CAT elements, which have previously been demonstrated to mediate inducible expression during α1- adrenergic stimulated hypertrophy in cultured neonatal cardiac myocytes, and a GATA element. Although simultaneous mutation of both M-CAT elements markedly decreased the basal transcriptional activity of an injected 333-bp β-MHC promoter, it had no effect on aortic constriction-stimulated transcription (3,5-fold increase. P<.005 for both wild type and mutant). In contrast, mutation of the GATA motif markedly attenuated aortic constriction- stimulated transcription (1.6-fold, P=NS), without affecting the basal transcriptional activity. This GATA site can interact with in vitro translated GATA-4 and compete with an established GATA site for GATA-4 binding activity in nuclear extracts from aortic constricted hearts. Conclusions: Basal and aortic constriction-stimulated transcription of the β-MHC gene is mediated, at least in part, through different mechanisms. A GATA element within β-MHC sequences -303/-197, plays a role in the transcriptional activation of this gene by aortic constriction.

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