Chromosome-scale mega-haplotypes enable digital karyotyping of cancer aneuploidy

John M. Bell, Billy T. Lau, Stephanie U. Greer, Christina Wood-Bouwens, Li C. Xia, Ian D. Connolly, Melanie H. Gephart, Hanlee P. Ji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Genomic instability is a frequently occurring feature of cancer that involves large-scale structural alterations. These somatic changes in chromosome structure include duplication of entire chromosome arms and aneuploidy where chromosomes are duplicated beyond normal diploid content. However, the accurate determination of aneuploidy events in cancer genomes is a challenge. Recent advances in sequencing technology allow the characterization of haplotypes that extend megabases along the human genome using high molecular weight (HMW) DNA. For this study, we employed a library preparation method in which sequence reads have barcodes linked to single HMW DNA molecules. Barcodelinked reads are used to generate extended haplotypes on the order of megabases. We developed a method that leverages haplotypes to identify chromosomal segmental alterations in cancer and uses this information to join haplotypes together, thus extending the range of phased variants. With this approach, we identified mega-haplotypes that encompass entire chromosome arms. We characterized the chromosomal arm changes and aneuploidy events in a manner that offers similar information as a traditional karyotype but with the benefit of DNA sequence resolution. We applied this approach to characterize aneuploidy and chromosomal alterations from a series of primary colorectal cancers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere162
JournalNucleic acids research
Volume45
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2 2017
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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