Cell shape impacts on the positioning of the mitotic spindle with respect to the substratum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

All known mechanisms of mitotic spindle orientation rely on astral microtubules. We report that even in the absence of astral microtubules, metaphase spindles in MDCK and HeLa cells are not randomly positioned along their x-z dimension, but preferentially adopt shallow β angles between spindle pole axis and substratum. The nonrandom spindle positioning is due to constraints imposed by the cell cortex in flat cells that drive spindles that are longer and/or wider than the cell's height into a tilted, quasidiagonal x-z position. In rounder cells, which are taller, fewer cortical constraints make the x-z spindle position more random. Reestablishment of astral microtubule-mediated forces align the spindle poles with cortical cues parallel to the substratum in all cells. However, in flat cells, they frequently cause spindle deformations. Similar deformations are apparent when confined spindles rotate from tilted to parallel positions while MDCK cells progress from prometaphase to metaphase. The spindle disruptions cause the engagement of the spindle assembly checkpoint. We propose that cell rounding serves to maintain spindle integrity during its positioning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1286-1295
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Biology of the Cell
Volume26
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015

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Spindle Apparatus
Cell Shape
Microtubules
Spindle Poles
Madin Darby Canine Kidney Cells
Metaphase
Prometaphase
M Phase Cell Cycle Checkpoints
HeLa Cells
Cues

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Cell shape impacts on the positioning of the mitotic spindle with respect to the substratum. / Lazaro-Dieguez, Francisco; Ispolatov, Iaroslav; Muesch, Anne.

In: Molecular Biology of the Cell, Vol. 26, No. 7, 01.04.2015, p. 1286-1295.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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