Cell cycle regulator gene CDC5L, a potential target for 6p12-p21 amplicon in osteosarcoma

Xin Yan Lu, Yaojuan Lu, Yi Jue Zhao, Kim Jaeweon, Jason Kang, Xiao Nan Li, Gouqing Ge, Rene Meyer, Laszlo Perlaky, John Hicks, Murali Chintagumpala, Wei Wen Cai, Marc Ladanyi, Richard Gorlick, Ching C. Lau, Debananda Pati, Michael Sheldon, Pulivarthi H. Rao

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60 Scopus citations

Abstract

Osteosarcoma is a primary malignant tumor of bone arising from primitive bone-forming mesenchymal cells and accounts for ∼60% of malignant bone tumors. Our comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) studies have identified frequent amplification at 6p12-p21, 12q13-q15, and 17p11.2 in osteosarcoma. Of these amplified regions, 6p12-p21 is particularly interesting because of its association with progression and poor prognosis in patients with osteosarcoma. In an attempt to identify aberrantly expressed gene(s) mapping to the 6p12-p21 amplicon, a region-specific array was generated using 108 overlapping BAC and P1 clones covering a 28.8-Mb region at 0.26-Mb intervals. Based on array CGH analysis, the 6p amplicon was refined to 7.9 Mb between the clones RP11-91E11 and RP1-244F2 and 10 amplified clones, with possible target genes, were identified. To study the expression pattern of the target genes from the hotspot amplicon and known candidate genes from 6p12-21, we did quantitative reverse transcription-PCR analysis of MAPK14, MAPK13, CDKN1A, PIM1, MDGA1, BTB9, DNAH8, CCND3, PTK7, CDC5L, and RUNX2 on osteosarcoma patient samples and seven cell lines. The combined array CGH and quantitative reverse transcription-PCR analysis identified amplification and overexpression of CDC5L, CCND3, and RUNX2. We screened these three genes for protein expression by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry and detected overexpression of CDC5L. Furthermore, we used an in vivo assay to show that CDC5L possesses potential oncogenic activity. These results indicate that CDC5L, a cell cycle regulator important for the G2-M transition, is the most likely candidate oncogene for the 6p12-p21 amplicon found in osteosarcoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)937-946
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Cancer Research
Volume6
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Lu, X. Y., Lu, Y., Zhao, Y. J., Jaeweon, K., Kang, J., Li, X. N., Ge, G., Meyer, R., Perlaky, L., Hicks, J., Chintagumpala, M., Cai, W. W., Ladanyi, M., Gorlick, R., Lau, C. C., Pati, D., Sheldon, M., & Rao, P. H. (2008). Cell cycle regulator gene CDC5L, a potential target for 6p12-p21 amplicon in osteosarcoma. Molecular Cancer Research, 6(6), 937-946. https://doi.org/10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-07-2115