Causes and Predictors of 30-Day Readmission in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction and Cardiogenic Shock

Mahek Shah, Shantanu Patil, Brijesh Patel, Manyoo Agarwal, Carlos D. Davila, Lohit Garg, Sahil Agrawal, Navin K. Kapur, Ulrich P. Jorde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) occurs as a result of irreversible damage to cardiac myocytes secondary to lack of blood supply. Cardiogenic shock complicating AMI has significant associated morbidity and mortality, and data on postdischarge outcomes are limited. Methods and Results: We derived the study cohort of patients with AMI and cardiogenic shock from the 2013 to 2014 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project National Readmission Database. Incidence, predictors, and causes of 30-day readmissions were analyzed. From 43 212 index admissions for AMI with cardiogenic shock, 26 016 (60.2%) survived to discharge and 5277 (20.2% of survivors) patients were readmitted within 30 days. More than 50% of these readmissions occurred within first 10 days. Cardiac causes accounted for 42% of 30-day readmissions (heart failure 20.6%; acute coronary syndrome 11.6%). Among noncardiac causes, respiratory (11.4%), infectious (9.4%), medical or surgical care complications (6.3%), gastrointestinal/hepatobiliary (6.5%), and renal causes (4.8%) were most common. Length of stay ≥8 days (odds ratio [OR], 2.04; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.70-2.44; P<0.01), acute deep venous thrombosis (OR, 1.26; 95% CI, 1.08-1.48; P<0.01), liver disease (OR, 1.25; 95% CI, 1.03-1.50; P=0.02), systemic thromboembolism (OR, 1.21; 95% CI, 1.02-1.44; P=0.02), peripheral vascular disease (OR, 1.16; 95% CI, 1.07-1.27; P<0.01), diabetes mellitus (OR, 1.16; 95% CI, 1.08-1.24; P<0.01), long-term ventricular assist device implantation (OR, 1.77; 95% CI, 1.23-2.55; P<0.01), intraaortic balloon pump use (OR, 1.10; 95% CI, 1.02-1.18; P<0.01), performance of coronary artery bypass grafting (OR, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.77-0.93; P<0.01), private insurance (OR, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.64-0.80; P<0.01), and discharge to home (OR, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.73-0.98; P=0.03) were among the independent predictors of 30-day readmission. Conclusions: In-hospital mortality and 30-day readmission in cardiogenic shock complicating AMI are significantly elevated. Patients are readmitted mainly for noncardiac causes. Identification of high-risk factors may guide interventions to improve outcomes within this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere004310
JournalCirculation: Heart Failure
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

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Patient Readmission
Cardiogenic Shock
Odds Ratio
Myocardial Infarction
Confidence Intervals
Heart-Assist Devices
Peripheral Vascular Diseases
Thromboembolism
Acute Coronary Syndrome
Hospital Mortality
Insurance
Cardiac Myocytes
Coronary Artery Bypass
Venous Thrombosis
Health Care Costs
Survivors
Liver Diseases
Length of Stay
Diabetes Mellitus
Cohort Studies

Keywords

  • heart failure
  • mortality
  • myocardial infarction
  • readmission
  • shock, cardiogenic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Causes and Predictors of 30-Day Readmission in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction and Cardiogenic Shock. / Shah, Mahek; Patil, Shantanu; Patel, Brijesh; Agarwal, Manyoo; Davila, Carlos D.; Garg, Lohit; Agrawal, Sahil; Kapur, Navin K.; Jorde, Ulrich P.

In: Circulation: Heart Failure, Vol. 11, No. 4, e004310, 01.04.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shah, Mahek ; Patil, Shantanu ; Patel, Brijesh ; Agarwal, Manyoo ; Davila, Carlos D. ; Garg, Lohit ; Agrawal, Sahil ; Kapur, Navin K. ; Jorde, Ulrich P. / Causes and Predictors of 30-Day Readmission in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction and Cardiogenic Shock. In: Circulation: Heart Failure. 2018 ; Vol. 11, No. 4.
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T1 - Causes and Predictors of 30-Day Readmission in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction and Cardiogenic Shock

AU - Shah, Mahek

AU - Patil, Shantanu

AU - Patel, Brijesh

AU - Agarwal, Manyoo

AU - Davila, Carlos D.

AU - Garg, Lohit

AU - Agrawal, Sahil

AU - Kapur, Navin K.

AU - Jorde, Ulrich P.

PY - 2018/4/1

Y1 - 2018/4/1

N2 - Background: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) occurs as a result of irreversible damage to cardiac myocytes secondary to lack of blood supply. Cardiogenic shock complicating AMI has significant associated morbidity and mortality, and data on postdischarge outcomes are limited. Methods and Results: We derived the study cohort of patients with AMI and cardiogenic shock from the 2013 to 2014 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project National Readmission Database. Incidence, predictors, and causes of 30-day readmissions were analyzed. From 43 212 index admissions for AMI with cardiogenic shock, 26 016 (60.2%) survived to discharge and 5277 (20.2% of survivors) patients were readmitted within 30 days. More than 50% of these readmissions occurred within first 10 days. Cardiac causes accounted for 42% of 30-day readmissions (heart failure 20.6%; acute coronary syndrome 11.6%). Among noncardiac causes, respiratory (11.4%), infectious (9.4%), medical or surgical care complications (6.3%), gastrointestinal/hepatobiliary (6.5%), and renal causes (4.8%) were most common. Length of stay ≥8 days (odds ratio [OR], 2.04; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.70-2.44; P<0.01), acute deep venous thrombosis (OR, 1.26; 95% CI, 1.08-1.48; P<0.01), liver disease (OR, 1.25; 95% CI, 1.03-1.50; P=0.02), systemic thromboembolism (OR, 1.21; 95% CI, 1.02-1.44; P=0.02), peripheral vascular disease (OR, 1.16; 95% CI, 1.07-1.27; P<0.01), diabetes mellitus (OR, 1.16; 95% CI, 1.08-1.24; P<0.01), long-term ventricular assist device implantation (OR, 1.77; 95% CI, 1.23-2.55; P<0.01), intraaortic balloon pump use (OR, 1.10; 95% CI, 1.02-1.18; P<0.01), performance of coronary artery bypass grafting (OR, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.77-0.93; P<0.01), private insurance (OR, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.64-0.80; P<0.01), and discharge to home (OR, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.73-0.98; P=0.03) were among the independent predictors of 30-day readmission. Conclusions: In-hospital mortality and 30-day readmission in cardiogenic shock complicating AMI are significantly elevated. Patients are readmitted mainly for noncardiac causes. Identification of high-risk factors may guide interventions to improve outcomes within this population.

AB - Background: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) occurs as a result of irreversible damage to cardiac myocytes secondary to lack of blood supply. Cardiogenic shock complicating AMI has significant associated morbidity and mortality, and data on postdischarge outcomes are limited. Methods and Results: We derived the study cohort of patients with AMI and cardiogenic shock from the 2013 to 2014 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project National Readmission Database. Incidence, predictors, and causes of 30-day readmissions were analyzed. From 43 212 index admissions for AMI with cardiogenic shock, 26 016 (60.2%) survived to discharge and 5277 (20.2% of survivors) patients were readmitted within 30 days. More than 50% of these readmissions occurred within first 10 days. Cardiac causes accounted for 42% of 30-day readmissions (heart failure 20.6%; acute coronary syndrome 11.6%). Among noncardiac causes, respiratory (11.4%), infectious (9.4%), medical or surgical care complications (6.3%), gastrointestinal/hepatobiliary (6.5%), and renal causes (4.8%) were most common. Length of stay ≥8 days (odds ratio [OR], 2.04; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.70-2.44; P<0.01), acute deep venous thrombosis (OR, 1.26; 95% CI, 1.08-1.48; P<0.01), liver disease (OR, 1.25; 95% CI, 1.03-1.50; P=0.02), systemic thromboembolism (OR, 1.21; 95% CI, 1.02-1.44; P=0.02), peripheral vascular disease (OR, 1.16; 95% CI, 1.07-1.27; P<0.01), diabetes mellitus (OR, 1.16; 95% CI, 1.08-1.24; P<0.01), long-term ventricular assist device implantation (OR, 1.77; 95% CI, 1.23-2.55; P<0.01), intraaortic balloon pump use (OR, 1.10; 95% CI, 1.02-1.18; P<0.01), performance of coronary artery bypass grafting (OR, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.77-0.93; P<0.01), private insurance (OR, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.64-0.80; P<0.01), and discharge to home (OR, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.73-0.98; P=0.03) were among the independent predictors of 30-day readmission. Conclusions: In-hospital mortality and 30-day readmission in cardiogenic shock complicating AMI are significantly elevated. Patients are readmitted mainly for noncardiac causes. Identification of high-risk factors may guide interventions to improve outcomes within this population.

KW - heart failure

KW - mortality

KW - myocardial infarction

KW - readmission

KW - shock, cardiogenic

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