Can substance use disorders be managed using the chronic care model? Review and recommendations from a NIDA consensus group

A. Thomas McLellan, Joanna L. Starrels, Betty Tai, Adam J. Gordon, Richard Brown, Udi Ghitza, Marc Gourevitch, Jack Stein, Marla Oros, Terry Horton, Robert Lindblad, Jennifer McNeely

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Brain imaging and genetic studies over the past two decades suggest that substance use disorders are best considered chronic illnesses. The passing of the Affordable Care Act in the United States has set the occasion for integrating treatment of substance use disorders into mainstream healthcare; and for using the proactive, team-oriented Chronic Care Model (CCM). This paper systematically examines and compares whether and how well the CCM could be applied to the treatment of substance use disorders, using type 2 diabetes as a comparator. The chronic illness management approach is still new in the field of addiction and research is limited. However comparative findings suggest that most proactive, team treatment-oriented clinical management practices now used in diabetes management are applicable to the substance use disorders; capable of being implemented by primary care teams; and should offer comparable potential benefits in the treatment of substance use disorders. Such care should also improve the quality of care for many illnesses now negatively affected by unaddressed substance abuse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPublic Health Reviews
Volume35
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Chronic care model
  • Chronic illness
  • Electronic health records
  • Healthcare reform
  • Substance use disorders
  • Type 2 diabetes management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Community and Home Care
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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    McLellan, A. T., Starrels, J. L., Tai, B., Gordon, A. J., Brown, R., Ghitza, U., Gourevitch, M., Stein, J., Oros, M., Horton, T., Lindblad, R., & McNeely, J. (2014). Can substance use disorders be managed using the chronic care model? Review and recommendations from a NIDA consensus group. Public Health Reviews, 35(2).