Skeletal muscle voltage-gated Na + channel (Na V 1.4) activity is subject to calmodulin (CaM) mediated Ca 2+ -dependent inactivation; no such inactivation is observed in the cardiac Na + channel (Na V 1.5). Taken together, the crystal structures of the Na V 1.4 C-terminal domain relevant complexes and thermodynamic binding data presented here provide a rationale for this isoform difference. A Ca 2+ -dependent CaM N-lobe binding site previously identified in Na V 1.5 is not present in Na V 1.4 allowing the N-lobe to signal other regions of the Na V 1.4 channel. Consistent with this mechanism, removing this binding site in Na V 1.5 unveils robust Ca 2+ -dependent inactivation in the previously insensitive isoform. These findings suggest that Ca 2+ -dependent inactivation is effected by CaM’s N-lobe binding outside the Na V C-terminal while CaM’s C-lobe remains bound to the Na V C-terminal. As the N-lobe binding motif of Na V 1.5 is a mutational hotspot for inherited arrhythmias, the contributions of mutation-induced changes in CDI to arrhythmia generation is an intriguing possibility.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)