Bringing central line-associated bloodstream infection prevention home: CLABSI definitions and prevention policies in home health care agencies

Michael L. Rinke, David G. Bundy, Aaron M. Milstone, Kristin Deuber, Allen R. Chen, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Marlene R. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: A study was conducted to investigate home health care agency central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) definitions and prevention policies and compare them to the Joint Commission National Patient Safety Goal (NPSG.07.04.01), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) CLABSI prevention recommendations, and a best-practice central line care bundle for inpatients. Methods: A telephone-based survey was conducted in 2011 of a convenience sample of home health care agencies associated with children's hematology/oncology centers. Results: Of the 97 eligible home health care agencies, 57 (59%) completed the survey. No agency reported using all five aspects of the National Healthcare and Safety Network/ Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology CLABSI definition and adjudication process, and of the 50 agencies that reported tracking CLABSI rates, 20 (40%) reported using none. Only 10 agencies (18%) had policies consistent with all elements of the inpatient-focused NPSG.07.04.01, 10 agencies (18%) were consistent with all elements of the home care targeted CDC CLABSI prevention recommendations, and no agencies were consistent with all elements of the central line care bundle. Only 14 agencies (25%) knew their overall CLABSI rate: mean 0.40 CLABSIs per 1,000 central line days (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.18 to 0.61). Six agencies (11%) knew their agency's pediatric CLABSI rate: mean 0.54 CLABSIs per 1,000 central line days (95% CI, 0.06 to 1.01). Conclusions: The policies of a national sample of home health care agencies varied significantly from national inpatient and home health care agency targeted standards for CLABSI definitions and prevention. Future research should assess strategies for standardizing home health care practices consistent with evidence-based recommendations. Copyright 2013

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)361-370
Number of pages10
JournalJoint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
Volume39
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2013

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Home Care Agencies
Infection
Patient Care Bundles
Inpatients
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
Home Care Services
Confidence Intervals
Delivery of Health Care
Hematology
Patient Safety
Practice Guidelines
Telephone
Joints
Pediatrics
Safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management

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Bringing central line-associated bloodstream infection prevention home : CLABSI definitions and prevention policies in home health care agencies. / Rinke, Michael L.; Bundy, David G.; Milstone, Aaron M.; Deuber, Kristin; Chen, Allen R.; Colantuoni, Elizabeth; Miller, Marlene R.

In: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety, Vol. 39, No. 8, 08.2013, p. 361-370.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rinke, Michael L. ; Bundy, David G. ; Milstone, Aaron M. ; Deuber, Kristin ; Chen, Allen R. ; Colantuoni, Elizabeth ; Miller, Marlene R. / Bringing central line-associated bloodstream infection prevention home : CLABSI definitions and prevention policies in home health care agencies. In: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety. 2013 ; Vol. 39, No. 8. pp. 361-370.
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abstract = "Background: A study was conducted to investigate home health care agency central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) definitions and prevention policies and compare them to the Joint Commission National Patient Safety Goal (NPSG.07.04.01), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) CLABSI prevention recommendations, and a best-practice central line care bundle for inpatients. Methods: A telephone-based survey was conducted in 2011 of a convenience sample of home health care agencies associated with children's hematology/oncology centers. Results: Of the 97 eligible home health care agencies, 57 (59{\%}) completed the survey. No agency reported using all five aspects of the National Healthcare and Safety Network/ Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology CLABSI definition and adjudication process, and of the 50 agencies that reported tracking CLABSI rates, 20 (40{\%}) reported using none. Only 10 agencies (18{\%}) had policies consistent with all elements of the inpatient-focused NPSG.07.04.01, 10 agencies (18{\%}) were consistent with all elements of the home care targeted CDC CLABSI prevention recommendations, and no agencies were consistent with all elements of the central line care bundle. Only 14 agencies (25{\%}) knew their overall CLABSI rate: mean 0.40 CLABSIs per 1,000 central line days (95{\%} confidence interval [CI], 0.18 to 0.61). Six agencies (11{\%}) knew their agency's pediatric CLABSI rate: mean 0.54 CLABSIs per 1,000 central line days (95{\%} CI, 0.06 to 1.01). Conclusions: The policies of a national sample of home health care agencies varied significantly from national inpatient and home health care agency targeted standards for CLABSI definitions and prevention. Future research should assess strategies for standardizing home health care practices consistent with evidence-based recommendations. Copyright 2013",
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