Background: Acute thrombosis is a crucial cause of bioresorbable vascular graft (BVG) failure. Bone marrow-derived mononuclear cell (BM-MNC)-seeded BVGs demonstrated high graft patency, however, the effect of seeded BM-MNCs against thrombosis remains to be elucidated. Thus, we evaluated an antithrombotic effect of BM-MNC-seeding and utilized platelet-depletion mouse models to evaluate the contribution of platelets to acute thrombosis of BVGs. Methods and results: BVGs were composed of poly(glycolic acid) mesh sealed with poly(L-lactideco-ε-caprolactone). BM-MNC-seeded BVGs and unseeded BVGs were implanted to wild type C57BL/6 mice (n = 10/group) as inferior vena cava interposition conduits. To evaluate platelet effect on acute thrombosis, c-Mpl−/− mice and Pf4-Cre+; iDTR mice with decreased platelet number were also implanted with unseeded BVGs (n = 10/group). BVG patency was evaluated at 2, 4, and 8 weeks by ultrasound. BM-MNC-seeded BVGs demonstrated a significantly higher patency rate than unseeded BVGs during the acute phase (2-week, 90% vs 30%, p =.020), and patency rates of these grafts were sustained until week 8. Similar to BM-MNC-seeded BVGs, C-Mpl−/− and Pf4-Cre+; iDTR mice also showed favorable graft patency (2-week, 90% and 80%, respectively) during the acute phase. However, the patency rate of Pf4-Cre+; iDTR mice decreased gradually after DTR treatment as platelet number recovered to baseline. An in vitro study revealed BM-MNC-seeding significantly inhibited platelet adhesion to BVGs compared to unseeded BVGs, (1.75 ± 0.45 vs 8.69 ± 0.68 × 103 platelets/mm2, p <.001). Conclusions: BM-MNC-seeding and the reduction in platelet number prevented BVG thrombosis and improved BVG patency, and those results might be caused by inhibiting platelet adhesion to the BVG.
- Mononuclear cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine