Body dysmorphic disorder in the DSM-IV field trial for obsessive-compulsive disorder

Daphne Simeon, Eric Hollander, Dan J. Stein, Lisa Cohen, Bonnie Aronowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

126 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: This study investigated the prevalence and phenomenology of body dysmorphic disorder in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Method: The authors studied 442 patients who participated in the DSM-IV field trial for obsessive-compulsive disorder. Results: Twelve percent (N=51) of the patients had a lifetime comorbid diagnosis of body dysmorphic disorder. Patients with and without body dysmorphic disorder did not differ in demographic characteristics or obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder and body dysmorphic disorder had more anxious, impulsive, and schizotypal features than patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder alone. Age at onset was similar for the two disorders, and severity correlated. However, insight was significantly more impaired for body dysmorphic disorder than for obsessive-compulsive disorder. Conclusions: As previously thought, these findings suggest that the two disorders are strongly related but also have differences that require further investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1207-1209
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Psychiatry
Volume152
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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