Biological systems analysis at molecular and subcellular levels

chromosome positioning inside human nuclei

Hui (Herb) Sun, Jin Shen, Omar El-Mounayri, Hiroki Yokota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A systems mechanical analysis of biological samples, particularly DNA molecules and synthetic nuclei was carried out. Using optical, fluorescence, and atomic force microscopy, individual molecular and subcellular images of biological samples were detected. The mechanical properties of DNA molecules with and without bound-proteins were studied by applying small forces induced by surface tension or viscous drag and stretched DNA molecules. DNA molecules, modeled as random coil in solution, were straightened and immobilized on flat surface, and a stress-strain relationship was analyzed. Preliminary result suggests that the DNA molecules with bound-proteins behave differently in solution from the DNA molecules alone. By monitoring a process of nucleus formation, a linkage of a shape and a size of nuclei to a state of DNA and a stress field in a nucleus suspension was observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)402-403
Number of pages2
JournalCritical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Volume26
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

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Biological systems
Chromosomes
DNA
Systems analysis
Molecules
Proteins
Drag
Surface tension
Atomic force microscopy
Fluorescence
Mechanical properties
Monitoring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

Biological systems analysis at molecular and subcellular levels : chromosome positioning inside human nuclei. / Sun, Hui (Herb); Shen, Jin; El-Mounayri, Omar; Yokota, Hiroki.

In: Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 26, No. 5, 1998, p. 402-403.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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