Autistic and dysphasic children. I: Clinical characteristics

R. F. Tuchman, I. Rapin, Shlomo Shinnar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

107 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Autism and dysphasia are behaviorally defined disorders of higher cerebral function which in preschool children share the common core symptom of impairment of language. In this study we describe the clinical characteristics of 314 autistic and 237 dysphasic nonautistic children evaluated by one child neurologist. There was no significant difference between autistic and dysphasic children in gestational age, birth weight, or prevalence of associated medical disorders, all of which were infrequent, although a positive history of resuscitation or ventilatory support was more common in dysphasic than autistic children (P = .03). As a group autistic children are more likely than dysphasic children to have language subtypes affecting central processing and formulation, a family history of psychiatric disorders and autism, and a history of regression of language and behavior. After excluding 12 girls with autistic symptoms who met the clinical criteria for Rett syndrome, we found that there was no significant difference in the number of autistic and dysphasic children with an abnormal sensorimotor examination. Girls with autism were more likely than boys to have severe mental deficiency (38% of autistic girls vs 23% of boys) (P = .012) and a motor deficit (27% vs 11%) (P = .0009).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1211-1218
Number of pages8
JournalPediatrics
Volume88
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Autistic Disorder
Language
Rett Syndrome
Aphasia
Preschool Children
Birth Weight
Resuscitation
Intellectual Disability
Gestational Age
Psychiatry

Keywords

  • autism
  • dysphasia
  • epidemiology
  • Rett syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Autistic and dysphasic children. I : Clinical characteristics. / Tuchman, R. F.; Rapin, I.; Shinnar, Shlomo.

In: Pediatrics, Vol. 88, No. 6, 1991, p. 1211-1218.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tuchman, RF, Rapin, I & Shinnar, S 1991, 'Autistic and dysphasic children. I: Clinical characteristics', Pediatrics, vol. 88, no. 6, pp. 1211-1218.
Tuchman, R. F. ; Rapin, I. ; Shinnar, Shlomo. / Autistic and dysphasic children. I : Clinical characteristics. In: Pediatrics. 1991 ; Vol. 88, No. 6. pp. 1211-1218.
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