Are rates of functional limitations associated with access to care? A state-level analysis of the national survey of children with special health care needs

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Abstract

Objectives: Health-related services and compensatory mechanisms have a potential role in minimizing functional limitations and increasing quality of life among children with special health care needs (CSHCN). We examined whether rates of functional limitations among CSHCN in the 50 states and District of Columbia were associated with state-level characteristics that reflect access to such services among CSHCN. Methods: We aggregated child-level survey data from the National Survey of CSHCN to create 51 state-level estimates of the proportions who had functional limitations, had ≥1 unmet health needs, and lacked medical insurance coverage. State-level information about Medicaid spending per child enrollee in federal fiscal year 2000 was obtained from The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation website. We examined correlations between the percentages of CSHCN having functional limitations and each of the other state-level variables, and conducted multiple regression analyses that examined these associations while controlling for the statewide percentages of children living in poverty. Results: The proportions of CSHCN with functional limitations were higher in states with higher rates of uninsured CSHCN (r = .49; p < .0001) and higher rates of CSHCN with unmet health needs (r = .62; p < .0001). Proportions of CSHCN with functional limitations were unrelated to per child Medicaid spending. These findings were robust when we controlled for percentages of children in poverty across states. Conclusions: Fewer unmet needs for health-related services are associated with lower statewide rates of functional limitations in CSHCN. As health care costs increase and state revenues decrease, CSHCN are at increasing risk of losing access to required services. Were this to happen we might expect an increase in the proportion of CSHCN who experience significant functional limitations. Thus, a key challenge is to provide CSHCN access to the amount and quality of health-related care they require to achieve their potential.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMaternal and Child Health Journal
Volume9
Issue number2 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2005

Fingerprint

Delivery of Health Care
Surveys and Questionnaires
Medicaid
Poverty
Health Services Accessibility
Insurance Coverage
Quality of Health Care
Health Services Needs and Demand
Health
Health Care Costs
Health Services
Regression Analysis
Quality of Life

Keywords

  • Access to care
  • Children with special health care needs
  • Functional limitations
  • Health care services
  • Insurance
  • Unmet needs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Epidemiology

Cite this

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title = "Are rates of functional limitations associated with access to care? A state-level analysis of the national survey of children with special health care needs",
abstract = "Objectives: Health-related services and compensatory mechanisms have a potential role in minimizing functional limitations and increasing quality of life among children with special health care needs (CSHCN). We examined whether rates of functional limitations among CSHCN in the 50 states and District of Columbia were associated with state-level characteristics that reflect access to such services among CSHCN. Methods: We aggregated child-level survey data from the National Survey of CSHCN to create 51 state-level estimates of the proportions who had functional limitations, had ≥1 unmet health needs, and lacked medical insurance coverage. State-level information about Medicaid spending per child enrollee in federal fiscal year 2000 was obtained from The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation website. We examined correlations between the percentages of CSHCN having functional limitations and each of the other state-level variables, and conducted multiple regression analyses that examined these associations while controlling for the statewide percentages of children living in poverty. Results: The proportions of CSHCN with functional limitations were higher in states with higher rates of uninsured CSHCN (r = .49; p < .0001) and higher rates of CSHCN with unmet health needs (r = .62; p < .0001). Proportions of CSHCN with functional limitations were unrelated to per child Medicaid spending. These findings were robust when we controlled for percentages of children in poverty across states. Conclusions: Fewer unmet needs for health-related services are associated with lower statewide rates of functional limitations in CSHCN. As health care costs increase and state revenues decrease, CSHCN are at increasing risk of losing access to required services. Were this to happen we might expect an increase in the proportion of CSHCN who experience significant functional limitations. Thus, a key challenge is to provide CSHCN access to the amount and quality of health-related care they require to achieve their potential.",
keywords = "Access to care, Children with special health care needs, Functional limitations, Health care services, Insurance, Unmet needs",
author = "Stein, {Ruth E. K.} and Silver, {Ellen J.}",
year = "2005",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1007/s10995-005-3856-z",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "9",
journal = "Maternal and Child Health Journal",
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T1 - Are rates of functional limitations associated with access to care? A state-level analysis of the national survey of children with special health care needs

AU - Stein, Ruth E. K.

AU - Silver, Ellen J.

PY - 2005/6

Y1 - 2005/6

N2 - Objectives: Health-related services and compensatory mechanisms have a potential role in minimizing functional limitations and increasing quality of life among children with special health care needs (CSHCN). We examined whether rates of functional limitations among CSHCN in the 50 states and District of Columbia were associated with state-level characteristics that reflect access to such services among CSHCN. Methods: We aggregated child-level survey data from the National Survey of CSHCN to create 51 state-level estimates of the proportions who had functional limitations, had ≥1 unmet health needs, and lacked medical insurance coverage. State-level information about Medicaid spending per child enrollee in federal fiscal year 2000 was obtained from The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation website. We examined correlations between the percentages of CSHCN having functional limitations and each of the other state-level variables, and conducted multiple regression analyses that examined these associations while controlling for the statewide percentages of children living in poverty. Results: The proportions of CSHCN with functional limitations were higher in states with higher rates of uninsured CSHCN (r = .49; p < .0001) and higher rates of CSHCN with unmet health needs (r = .62; p < .0001). Proportions of CSHCN with functional limitations were unrelated to per child Medicaid spending. These findings were robust when we controlled for percentages of children in poverty across states. Conclusions: Fewer unmet needs for health-related services are associated with lower statewide rates of functional limitations in CSHCN. As health care costs increase and state revenues decrease, CSHCN are at increasing risk of losing access to required services. Were this to happen we might expect an increase in the proportion of CSHCN who experience significant functional limitations. Thus, a key challenge is to provide CSHCN access to the amount and quality of health-related care they require to achieve their potential.

AB - Objectives: Health-related services and compensatory mechanisms have a potential role in minimizing functional limitations and increasing quality of life among children with special health care needs (CSHCN). We examined whether rates of functional limitations among CSHCN in the 50 states and District of Columbia were associated with state-level characteristics that reflect access to such services among CSHCN. Methods: We aggregated child-level survey data from the National Survey of CSHCN to create 51 state-level estimates of the proportions who had functional limitations, had ≥1 unmet health needs, and lacked medical insurance coverage. State-level information about Medicaid spending per child enrollee in federal fiscal year 2000 was obtained from The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation website. We examined correlations between the percentages of CSHCN having functional limitations and each of the other state-level variables, and conducted multiple regression analyses that examined these associations while controlling for the statewide percentages of children living in poverty. Results: The proportions of CSHCN with functional limitations were higher in states with higher rates of uninsured CSHCN (r = .49; p < .0001) and higher rates of CSHCN with unmet health needs (r = .62; p < .0001). Proportions of CSHCN with functional limitations were unrelated to per child Medicaid spending. These findings were robust when we controlled for percentages of children in poverty across states. Conclusions: Fewer unmet needs for health-related services are associated with lower statewide rates of functional limitations in CSHCN. As health care costs increase and state revenues decrease, CSHCN are at increasing risk of losing access to required services. Were this to happen we might expect an increase in the proportion of CSHCN who experience significant functional limitations. Thus, a key challenge is to provide CSHCN access to the amount and quality of health-related care they require to achieve their potential.

KW - Access to care

KW - Children with special health care needs

KW - Functional limitations

KW - Health care services

KW - Insurance

KW - Unmet needs

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U2 - 10.1007/s10995-005-3856-z

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