The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) is a prevailing model commonly utilized in a variety of biomedical research fields, including neuroscience. Due to its transparency and simplicity, it is becoming a choice model organism for conducting imaging and behavioral assessment crucial to understanding the intricacies of the nervous system. Here, the methods required for neuronal characterization using fluorescent proteins and behavioral tasks are described. These are simplified protocols using fluorescent microscopy and behavioral assays to examine neuronal connections and associated neurotransmitter systems involved in normal physiology and aberrant pathology of the nervous system. Here, we aim is to make available to readers some streamlined and replicable procedures using the C. elegans models as well as highlighting some of the limitations.