Coupling of an antibody response to effector cells through the Fc region of antibodies is a fundamental objective of effective vaccination. We have explored the role of the Fc receptor system in a murine model of Cryptococcus neoformans protection by infecting mice deleted for the common γ chain of FcRs. Passive administration of an IgG1 mAb protects FcRγ(+/-) mice infected with C. neoformans, but fails to protect FcRγ(-/-) mice, indicating that the γ chain acting through FcγRI and/or III is essential for IgG1-mediated protection. In contrast, passive administration of an IgG3 mAb with identical specificity resulted in enhanced pathogenicity in γ chain-deficient and wild-type mice. In vitro studies with isolated macrophages demonstrate that IgG1-, IgG2a-, and IgG2b-opsonized C. neoformans are not phagocytosed or arrested in their growth in the absence of the FcRγ chain. In contrast, opsonization of C. neoformans by IgG3 does not require the presence of the γ chain or of FcRII, and the internalization of IgG3-treated organisms does not arrest fungal growth.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy