Antibodies which recognize the C-terminus of the inhibitory guanine-nucleotide-binding protein (Gi) demonstrate that opioid peptides and foetal-calf serum stimulate the high-affinity GTPase activity of two separate pertussis-toxin substrates.

F. R. McKenzie, E. C. Kelly, C. G. Unson, Allen M. Spiegel, G. Milligan

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Abstract

We investigated the mechanisms of receptor-mediated stimulation of high-affinity GTPase activity in response to opioid peptides and to foetal-calf serum in membranes of the neuroblastoma X glioma hybrid cell line NG108-15. Increases in GTPase activity in response to both of these ligands was abolished by prior exposure of the cells to pertussis toxin. Pertussis toxin in the presence of [32P]NAD+ catalysed incorporation of radioactivity into a broad band of approx. 40 kDa in membranes prepared from untreated, but not from pertussis-toxin-pretreated, cells. Additivity studies indicated that the responses to opioid peptides and to foetal-calf serum were mediated by separate guanine-nucleotide-binding proteins (G-proteins). Whereas opioid peptides produced an inhibition of adenylate cyclase in membranes of untreated cells, foetal-calf serum did not. Affinity-purified antibodies which recognize the C-terminus of the inhibitory G-protein identified a 40 kDa polypeptide in membranes of NG108-15 cells. These antibodies attenuated opioid-stimulated high-affinity GTPase activity, but did not markedly affect the response to foetal-calf serum. We conclude that receptors for the opioid peptides function via the inhibitory G-protein (Gi), whereas foetal-calf serum activates a second pertussis-toxin-sensitive G-protein, which has a C-terminal sequence significantly different from that of Gi.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)653-659
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume249
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 1 1988
Externally publishedYes

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Guanine Nucleotides
Opioid Peptides
GTP Phosphohydrolases
Pertussis Toxin
Carrier Proteins
Membranes
Antibodies
Substrates
Serum
Radioactivity
Adenylyl Cyclases
Antibody Affinity
NAD
Hybrid Cells
Opioid Analgesics
Neuroblastoma
Glioma
Cells
Ligands
Peptides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Antibodies which recognize the C-terminus of the inhibitory guanine-nucleotide-binding protein (Gi) demonstrate that opioid peptides and foetal-calf serum stimulate the high-affinity GTPase activity of two separate pertussis-toxin substrates.",
abstract = "We investigated the mechanisms of receptor-mediated stimulation of high-affinity GTPase activity in response to opioid peptides and to foetal-calf serum in membranes of the neuroblastoma X glioma hybrid cell line NG108-15. Increases in GTPase activity in response to both of these ligands was abolished by prior exposure of the cells to pertussis toxin. Pertussis toxin in the presence of [32P]NAD+ catalysed incorporation of radioactivity into a broad band of approx. 40 kDa in membranes prepared from untreated, but not from pertussis-toxin-pretreated, cells. Additivity studies indicated that the responses to opioid peptides and to foetal-calf serum were mediated by separate guanine-nucleotide-binding proteins (G-proteins). Whereas opioid peptides produced an inhibition of adenylate cyclase in membranes of untreated cells, foetal-calf serum did not. Affinity-purified antibodies which recognize the C-terminus of the inhibitory G-protein identified a 40 kDa polypeptide in membranes of NG108-15 cells. These antibodies attenuated opioid-stimulated high-affinity GTPase activity, but did not markedly affect the response to foetal-calf serum. We conclude that receptors for the opioid peptides function via the inhibitory G-protein (Gi), whereas foetal-calf serum activates a second pertussis-toxin-sensitive G-protein, which has a C-terminal sequence significantly different from that of Gi.",
author = "McKenzie, {F. R.} and Kelly, {E. C.} and Unson, {C. G.} and Spiegel, {Allen M.} and G. Milligan",
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T1 - Antibodies which recognize the C-terminus of the inhibitory guanine-nucleotide-binding protein (Gi) demonstrate that opioid peptides and foetal-calf serum stimulate the high-affinity GTPase activity of two separate pertussis-toxin substrates.

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AU - Kelly, E. C.

AU - Unson, C. G.

AU - Spiegel, Allen M.

AU - Milligan, G.

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N2 - We investigated the mechanisms of receptor-mediated stimulation of high-affinity GTPase activity in response to opioid peptides and to foetal-calf serum in membranes of the neuroblastoma X glioma hybrid cell line NG108-15. Increases in GTPase activity in response to both of these ligands was abolished by prior exposure of the cells to pertussis toxin. Pertussis toxin in the presence of [32P]NAD+ catalysed incorporation of radioactivity into a broad band of approx. 40 kDa in membranes prepared from untreated, but not from pertussis-toxin-pretreated, cells. Additivity studies indicated that the responses to opioid peptides and to foetal-calf serum were mediated by separate guanine-nucleotide-binding proteins (G-proteins). Whereas opioid peptides produced an inhibition of adenylate cyclase in membranes of untreated cells, foetal-calf serum did not. Affinity-purified antibodies which recognize the C-terminus of the inhibitory G-protein identified a 40 kDa polypeptide in membranes of NG108-15 cells. These antibodies attenuated opioid-stimulated high-affinity GTPase activity, but did not markedly affect the response to foetal-calf serum. We conclude that receptors for the opioid peptides function via the inhibitory G-protein (Gi), whereas foetal-calf serum activates a second pertussis-toxin-sensitive G-protein, which has a C-terminal sequence significantly different from that of Gi.

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