Anti-oxidative neuroprotection by estrogens in mouse cortical cultures

Yeong Hee Bae, Jee Yeon Hwang, Yang Hee Kim, Jae Young Koh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

Estrogen replacement therapy in postmenopausal women may reduce the risk of Aizheimer's disease, possibly by ameliorating neuronal degeneration. In the present study, we examined the neuroprotective spectrum of estrogen against excitotoxicity, oxidative stress, and serum-deprivation-induced apoptosis of neurons in mouse cortical cultures. 17β-estradiol as well as 17α-estradiol and estrone attenuated oxidative neuronal death induced by 24 hr exposure to 100 μM FeCl2, excitotoxic neuronal death induced by 24 hr of exposure to 30 μM N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and serum-deprivation induced neuronal apoptosis. Furthermore, estradiol attenuated neuronal death induced by Aβ25-35. However, all these neuroprotective effects were mediated by the anti-oxidative action of estrogens. When oxidative stress was blocked by an antioxidant trolox, estrogens did not show any additional protection. Addition of a specific estrogen receptor antagonist ICI182,780 did not reverse the protection offered by estrogens. These findings suggest that high concentrations of estrogen protect against various neuronal injuries mainly by its anti-oxidative effects as previously shown by Behl et al. Our results do not support the view that classical estrogen receptors mediate neuroprotection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)327-336
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Korean Medical Science
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2000

Keywords

  • Alzheimer Disease
  • Antioxidants
  • Estrogens
  • Neuroprotective Agents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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