Objective Percutaneous procedures for the treatment of mitral valve disease represent valuable therapeutic options for high-risk patients. The anesthetic management of these patients is complex, as they often suffer from cardiac failure and present multiple comorbidities. A recently developed device for transcatheter mitral valve annuloplasty (Cardioband – Valtech Cardio, Or Yehuda, Israel) is now available in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to present the authors’ experience with Cardioband device implantation and to describe their anesthetic strategy. Design Retrospective study. Setting Cardiac catheterization laboratory of a teaching hospital. Participants Thirteen patients undergoing Cardioband implantation. Interventions All the procedures were performed under general anesthesia with continuous transesophageal echocardiographic monitoring. Three-dimensional echocardiography, inotropic therapy, cardiac pacing, and mechanical circulatory support always were available and performed as needed. Measurements and Main Results Mean age was 73±7.1 years, and mean preoperative ejection fraction was 38±7.4%. No complications related to anesthetic management were recorded. The authors observed 1 episode of device malfunction and 1 case of accidental damage to the circumflex artery. Postoperative complications were observed in 3 patients, involving detachment of the anchors, anemia requiring transfusions, vascular injury, and new-onset atrial fibrillation. Six patients (46%) required ICU admission. All patients (100%) were discharged from the hospital. Conclusions Cardioband device implantation under general anesthesia is a feasible approach when performed by skilled physicians with all the expertise and the resources of high-volume centers used to dealing with severely ill patients.
- cardioband implantation
- heart failure
- mitral regurgitation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine