Among whom is cigarette smoking declining in the United States? The impact of cannabis use status, 2002–2015

Lauren R. Pacek, Jan Copeland, Lisa Dierker, Chinazo O. Cunningham, Silvia S. Martins, Renee D. Goodwin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To 1) estimate changes in the prevalence of daily and non-daily cigarette smoking among current (past 30-day) daily, non-daily, and non-cannabis users in the United States (U.S.) population; 2) examine time trends in current (past 30-day) cigarette smoking in daily, non-daily, and non-cannabis users ages 12+ from 2002 to 2015. Methods: Data collected annually from the 2002 to 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) were employed. Linear time trends of daily and non-daily cigarette smoking were assessed using logistic regression with year as the predictor. Results: In 2015, the prevalence of current (past 30-day) cigarette smoking was highest among daily (54.57%), followed by non-daily (40.17%) and non-cannabis users (15.06%). The prevalence of non-daily cigarette smoking increased among daily cannabis users from 2002 to 2015, whereas non-daily cigarette smoking declined among non-daily cannabis users and non-cannabis users from 2002 to 2015. Daily cigarette smoking declined among both cannabis users and non-users; the most rapid decline was observed among daily cannabis users, followed by non-daily and then by non-cannabis users. However, the relative magnitude of the change in prevalence of daily cigarette smoking was similar across the three cannabis groups. Conclusions: Despite ongoing declines in cigarette smoking in the U.S., non-daily cigarette smoking is increasing among current cannabis users, a growing proportion of the U.S. population. Daily and non-daily cigarette smoking continue to decline among those who do not use cannabis. Efforts to further tobacco control should consider novel co-use-oriented intervention strategies and outreach for the increasing population of cannabis users.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)355-360
Number of pages6
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume191
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

Fingerprint

Cannabis
Tobacco Products
Smoking
Population
Tobacco
Logistics
Logistic Models
Health

Keywords

  • Cannabis
  • Cigarettes
  • Marijuana
  • NSDUH
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Among whom is cigarette smoking declining in the United States? The impact of cannabis use status, 2002–2015. / Pacek, Lauren R.; Copeland, Jan; Dierker, Lisa; Cunningham, Chinazo O.; Martins, Silvia S.; Goodwin, Renee D.

In: Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol. 191, 01.10.2018, p. 355-360.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pacek, Lauren R. ; Copeland, Jan ; Dierker, Lisa ; Cunningham, Chinazo O. ; Martins, Silvia S. ; Goodwin, Renee D. / Among whom is cigarette smoking declining in the United States? The impact of cannabis use status, 2002–2015. In: Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2018 ; Vol. 191. pp. 355-360.
@article{16b6ca71a0a241de9308619329bd398a,
title = "Among whom is cigarette smoking declining in the United States? The impact of cannabis use status, 2002–2015",
abstract = "Objectives: To 1) estimate changes in the prevalence of daily and non-daily cigarette smoking among current (past 30-day) daily, non-daily, and non-cannabis users in the United States (U.S.) population; 2) examine time trends in current (past 30-day) cigarette smoking in daily, non-daily, and non-cannabis users ages 12+ from 2002 to 2015. Methods: Data collected annually from the 2002 to 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) were employed. Linear time trends of daily and non-daily cigarette smoking were assessed using logistic regression with year as the predictor. Results: In 2015, the prevalence of current (past 30-day) cigarette smoking was highest among daily (54.57{\%}), followed by non-daily (40.17{\%}) and non-cannabis users (15.06{\%}). The prevalence of non-daily cigarette smoking increased among daily cannabis users from 2002 to 2015, whereas non-daily cigarette smoking declined among non-daily cannabis users and non-cannabis users from 2002 to 2015. Daily cigarette smoking declined among both cannabis users and non-users; the most rapid decline was observed among daily cannabis users, followed by non-daily and then by non-cannabis users. However, the relative magnitude of the change in prevalence of daily cigarette smoking was similar across the three cannabis groups. Conclusions: Despite ongoing declines in cigarette smoking in the U.S., non-daily cigarette smoking is increasing among current cannabis users, a growing proportion of the U.S. population. Daily and non-daily cigarette smoking continue to decline among those who do not use cannabis. Efforts to further tobacco control should consider novel co-use-oriented intervention strategies and outreach for the increasing population of cannabis users.",
keywords = "Cannabis, Cigarettes, Marijuana, NSDUH, Smoking",
author = "Pacek, {Lauren R.} and Jan Copeland and Lisa Dierker and Cunningham, {Chinazo O.} and Martins, {Silvia S.} and Goodwin, {Renee D.}",
year = "2018",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.01.040",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "191",
pages = "355--360",
journal = "Drug and Alcohol Dependence",
issn = "0376-8716",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Among whom is cigarette smoking declining in the United States? The impact of cannabis use status, 2002–2015

AU - Pacek, Lauren R.

AU - Copeland, Jan

AU - Dierker, Lisa

AU - Cunningham, Chinazo O.

AU - Martins, Silvia S.

AU - Goodwin, Renee D.

PY - 2018/10/1

Y1 - 2018/10/1

N2 - Objectives: To 1) estimate changes in the prevalence of daily and non-daily cigarette smoking among current (past 30-day) daily, non-daily, and non-cannabis users in the United States (U.S.) population; 2) examine time trends in current (past 30-day) cigarette smoking in daily, non-daily, and non-cannabis users ages 12+ from 2002 to 2015. Methods: Data collected annually from the 2002 to 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) were employed. Linear time trends of daily and non-daily cigarette smoking were assessed using logistic regression with year as the predictor. Results: In 2015, the prevalence of current (past 30-day) cigarette smoking was highest among daily (54.57%), followed by non-daily (40.17%) and non-cannabis users (15.06%). The prevalence of non-daily cigarette smoking increased among daily cannabis users from 2002 to 2015, whereas non-daily cigarette smoking declined among non-daily cannabis users and non-cannabis users from 2002 to 2015. Daily cigarette smoking declined among both cannabis users and non-users; the most rapid decline was observed among daily cannabis users, followed by non-daily and then by non-cannabis users. However, the relative magnitude of the change in prevalence of daily cigarette smoking was similar across the three cannabis groups. Conclusions: Despite ongoing declines in cigarette smoking in the U.S., non-daily cigarette smoking is increasing among current cannabis users, a growing proportion of the U.S. population. Daily and non-daily cigarette smoking continue to decline among those who do not use cannabis. Efforts to further tobacco control should consider novel co-use-oriented intervention strategies and outreach for the increasing population of cannabis users.

AB - Objectives: To 1) estimate changes in the prevalence of daily and non-daily cigarette smoking among current (past 30-day) daily, non-daily, and non-cannabis users in the United States (U.S.) population; 2) examine time trends in current (past 30-day) cigarette smoking in daily, non-daily, and non-cannabis users ages 12+ from 2002 to 2015. Methods: Data collected annually from the 2002 to 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) were employed. Linear time trends of daily and non-daily cigarette smoking were assessed using logistic regression with year as the predictor. Results: In 2015, the prevalence of current (past 30-day) cigarette smoking was highest among daily (54.57%), followed by non-daily (40.17%) and non-cannabis users (15.06%). The prevalence of non-daily cigarette smoking increased among daily cannabis users from 2002 to 2015, whereas non-daily cigarette smoking declined among non-daily cannabis users and non-cannabis users from 2002 to 2015. Daily cigarette smoking declined among both cannabis users and non-users; the most rapid decline was observed among daily cannabis users, followed by non-daily and then by non-cannabis users. However, the relative magnitude of the change in prevalence of daily cigarette smoking was similar across the three cannabis groups. Conclusions: Despite ongoing declines in cigarette smoking in the U.S., non-daily cigarette smoking is increasing among current cannabis users, a growing proportion of the U.S. population. Daily and non-daily cigarette smoking continue to decline among those who do not use cannabis. Efforts to further tobacco control should consider novel co-use-oriented intervention strategies and outreach for the increasing population of cannabis users.

KW - Cannabis

KW - Cigarettes

KW - Marijuana

KW - NSDUH

KW - Smoking

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85052620114&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85052620114&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.01.040

DO - 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.01.040

M3 - Article

VL - 191

SP - 355

EP - 360

JO - Drug and Alcohol Dependence

JF - Drug and Alcohol Dependence

SN - 0376-8716

ER -