Allogeneic cardiosphere-derived cells for the treatment of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction: the Dilated cardiomYopathy iNtervention with Allogeneic MyocardIally-regenerative Cells (DYNAMIC) trial

Tarun Chakravarty, Timothy D. Henry, Michelle Kittleson, Joao Lima, Robert J. Siegel, Leandro Slipczuk, Janice M. Pogoda, Rachel R. Smith, Konstantinos Malliaras, Linda Marbán, Deborah D. Ascheim, Eduardo Marbán, Raj R. Makkar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

AIMS: The DYNAMIC trial assessed the safety and explored the efficacy of multivessel intracoronary infusion of allogeneic cardiosphere-derived cells (CDCs) in patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Here we report the results of the DYNAMIC trial. METHODS AND RESULTS: We enrolled 14 patients with EF ≤35% and NYHA Class III-IV despite maximal medical and device-based therapy in this single-centre, open-label trial. Intracoronary catheterisation delivered four escalating doses (totalling 37.5-75 million cells) by sequential non-occlusive technique to all three major coronary arteries. The primary safety endpoint was a composite of post-infusion TIMI flow, ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation, sudden death, major adverse cardiac events or acute myocarditis within 72 hours. Twelve patients were male and EF averaged 23.0% (±4.5%). No primary safety endpoints were observed. Two patients died of HFrEF progression nine and 12 months following infusion. Compared to baseline, there was an improvement in EF (26.8% vs 22.9%, p=0.023) and left ventricular end-systolic volume (139.5 vs 177.8 cm3, p=0.03) at six months. Quality of life (QoL) scores and NYHA class (p=0.006) improved at six months. At 12 months, the improvement in EF and QoL remained significant. CONCLUSIONS: Global intracoronary infusion of allogeneic CDCs is safe and feasible. The efficacy of allogeneic CDCs in HFrEF needs to be tested in larger randomised trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e293-e300
JournalEuroIntervention
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 17 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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