Age-specific changes in expression, activity, and activation of the c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases by methyl methanesulfonate in rats

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Abstract

The stress-activated protein kinases (SAPKs), c-Jun NH2-terminal kinases (JNKs) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases, were evaluated in the liver and brain of young and old rats in response to a direct-acting alkylating agent, methyl methanesulfonate (MMS). A slight but statistically significant increase in the baseline expression levels of JNK isoforms was detected in both the liver and brain of old as compared with young rats. In the liver of both young and old rats, no basal activities of JNKs were detected. In the brain, JNK activities were constitutively high and significantly increased in old rats compared with their young counterparts. Upon MMS treatment, JNKs were strongly activated in the liver, but not in the brain, of both young and old animals. The basal activity of p38 significantly increased in both the liver and brain of old rats as compared with young rats. An increase in the basal expression of p38 was detected in the brain but not in the liver of old rats. Upon treatment with MMS, p38 was activated in the liver of both young and old rats. In the brain, p38 was only activated in young but not in old rats. Taken together, these results demonstrate age-specific as well as organ-specific SAPKs signaling pathways in the rat in vivo. The possible implications of these findings in terms of resistance to endogenous and environmentally induced genotoxic stress during aging are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1797-1811
Number of pages15
JournalMechanisms of Ageing and Development
Volume122
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

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Methyl Methanesulfonate
JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Rats
Chemical activation
Liver
Brain
Heat-Shock Proteins
Protein Kinases
Alkylating Agents
DNA Damage
Protein Isoforms
Animals
Aging of materials

Keywords

  • Alkylating agents
  • c-Jun NH terminal kinase (JNK)
  • DNA damage
  • Methyl methanesulfonate (MMS)
  • Organ-specific response
  • p38
  • Stress-activated protein kinases (SAPKs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Biochemistry
  • Developmental Biology
  • Developmental Neuroscience

Cite this

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title = "Age-specific changes in expression, activity, and activation of the c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases by methyl methanesulfonate in rats",
abstract = "The stress-activated protein kinases (SAPKs), c-Jun NH2-terminal kinases (JNKs) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases, were evaluated in the liver and brain of young and old rats in response to a direct-acting alkylating agent, methyl methanesulfonate (MMS). A slight but statistically significant increase in the baseline expression levels of JNK isoforms was detected in both the liver and brain of old as compared with young rats. In the liver of both young and old rats, no basal activities of JNKs were detected. In the brain, JNK activities were constitutively high and significantly increased in old rats compared with their young counterparts. Upon MMS treatment, JNKs were strongly activated in the liver, but not in the brain, of both young and old animals. The basal activity of p38 significantly increased in both the liver and brain of old rats as compared with young rats. An increase in the basal expression of p38 was detected in the brain but not in the liver of old rats. Upon treatment with MMS, p38 was activated in the liver of both young and old rats. In the brain, p38 was only activated in young but not in old rats. Taken together, these results demonstrate age-specific as well as organ-specific SAPKs signaling pathways in the rat in vivo. The possible implications of these findings in terms of resistance to endogenous and environmentally induced genotoxic stress during aging are discussed.",
keywords = "Alkylating agents, c-Jun NH terminal kinase (JNK), DNA damage, Methyl methanesulfonate (MMS), Organ-specific response, p38, Stress-activated protein kinases (SAPKs)",
author = "Yousin Suh",
year = "2001",
doi = "10.1016/S0047-6374(01)00301-3",
language = "English (US)",
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pages = "1797--1811",
journal = "Mechanisms of Ageing and Development",
issn = "0047-6374",
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T1 - Age-specific changes in expression, activity, and activation of the c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases by methyl methanesulfonate in rats

AU - Suh, Yousin

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N2 - The stress-activated protein kinases (SAPKs), c-Jun NH2-terminal kinases (JNKs) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases, were evaluated in the liver and brain of young and old rats in response to a direct-acting alkylating agent, methyl methanesulfonate (MMS). A slight but statistically significant increase in the baseline expression levels of JNK isoforms was detected in both the liver and brain of old as compared with young rats. In the liver of both young and old rats, no basal activities of JNKs were detected. In the brain, JNK activities were constitutively high and significantly increased in old rats compared with their young counterparts. Upon MMS treatment, JNKs were strongly activated in the liver, but not in the brain, of both young and old animals. The basal activity of p38 significantly increased in both the liver and brain of old rats as compared with young rats. An increase in the basal expression of p38 was detected in the brain but not in the liver of old rats. Upon treatment with MMS, p38 was activated in the liver of both young and old rats. In the brain, p38 was only activated in young but not in old rats. Taken together, these results demonstrate age-specific as well as organ-specific SAPKs signaling pathways in the rat in vivo. The possible implications of these findings in terms of resistance to endogenous and environmentally induced genotoxic stress during aging are discussed.

AB - The stress-activated protein kinases (SAPKs), c-Jun NH2-terminal kinases (JNKs) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases, were evaluated in the liver and brain of young and old rats in response to a direct-acting alkylating agent, methyl methanesulfonate (MMS). A slight but statistically significant increase in the baseline expression levels of JNK isoforms was detected in both the liver and brain of old as compared with young rats. In the liver of both young and old rats, no basal activities of JNKs were detected. In the brain, JNK activities were constitutively high and significantly increased in old rats compared with their young counterparts. Upon MMS treatment, JNKs were strongly activated in the liver, but not in the brain, of both young and old animals. The basal activity of p38 significantly increased in both the liver and brain of old rats as compared with young rats. An increase in the basal expression of p38 was detected in the brain but not in the liver of old rats. Upon treatment with MMS, p38 was activated in the liver of both young and old rats. In the brain, p38 was only activated in young but not in old rats. Taken together, these results demonstrate age-specific as well as organ-specific SAPKs signaling pathways in the rat in vivo. The possible implications of these findings in terms of resistance to endogenous and environmentally induced genotoxic stress during aging are discussed.

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