Age-related impairment in insulin release

The essential role of β 2-adrenergic receptor

Gaetano Santulli, Angela Lombardi, Daniela Sorriento, Antonio Anastasio, Carmine Del Giudice, Pietro Formisano, Francesco Béguinot, Bruno Trimarco, Claudia Miele, Guido Iaccarino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, we investigated the significance of β 2- adrenergic receptor (β 2AR) in age-related impaired insulin secretion and glucose homeostasis. We characterized the metabolic phenotype of β 2AR-null C57Bl/6N mice (β 2AR -/-) by performing in vivo and ex vivo experiments. In vitro assays in cultured INS-1E β-cells were carried out in order to clarify the mechanism by which β 2AR deficiency affects glucose metabolism. Adult β 2AR -/- mice featured glucose intolerance, and pancreatic islets isolated from these animals displayed impaired glucose-induced insulin release, accompanied by reduced expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)γ, pancreatic duodenal homeobox-1 (PDX-1), and GLUT2. Adenovirus-mediated gene transfer of human β 2AR rescued these defects. Consistent effects were evoked in vitro both upon β 2AR knockdown and pharmacologic treatment. Interestingly, with aging, wild-type (β 2AR +/+) littermates developed impaired insulin secretion and glucose tolerance. Moreover, islets from 20-month-old β 2AR +/+ mice exhibited reduced density of β 2AR compared with those from younger animals, paralleled by decreased levels of PPARγ, PDX-1, and GLUT2. Overexpression of β 2AR in aged mice rescued glucose intolerance and insulin release both in vivo and ex vivo, restoring PPARγ/PDX-1/GLUT2 levels. Our data indicate that reduced β 2AR expression contributes to the age-related decline of glucose tolerance in mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)692-701
Number of pages10
JournalDiabetes
Volume61
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Adrenergic Receptors
Insulin
Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors
Homeobox Genes
Glucose
Glucose Intolerance
Islets of Langerhans
Adenoviridae
Homeostasis
Phenotype

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Santulli, G., Lombardi, A., Sorriento, D., Anastasio, A., Del Giudice, C., Formisano, P., ... Iaccarino, G. (2012). Age-related impairment in insulin release: The essential role of β 2-adrenergic receptor. Diabetes, 61(3), 692-701. https://doi.org/10.2337/db11-1027

Age-related impairment in insulin release : The essential role of β 2-adrenergic receptor. / Santulli, Gaetano; Lombardi, Angela; Sorriento, Daniela; Anastasio, Antonio; Del Giudice, Carmine; Formisano, Pietro; Béguinot, Francesco; Trimarco, Bruno; Miele, Claudia; Iaccarino, Guido.

In: Diabetes, Vol. 61, No. 3, 01.03.2012, p. 692-701.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Santulli, G, Lombardi, A, Sorriento, D, Anastasio, A, Del Giudice, C, Formisano, P, Béguinot, F, Trimarco, B, Miele, C & Iaccarino, G 2012, 'Age-related impairment in insulin release: The essential role of β 2-adrenergic receptor', Diabetes, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 692-701. https://doi.org/10.2337/db11-1027
Santulli G, Lombardi A, Sorriento D, Anastasio A, Del Giudice C, Formisano P et al. Age-related impairment in insulin release: The essential role of β 2-adrenergic receptor. Diabetes. 2012 Mar 1;61(3):692-701. https://doi.org/10.2337/db11-1027
Santulli, Gaetano ; Lombardi, Angela ; Sorriento, Daniela ; Anastasio, Antonio ; Del Giudice, Carmine ; Formisano, Pietro ; Béguinot, Francesco ; Trimarco, Bruno ; Miele, Claudia ; Iaccarino, Guido. / Age-related impairment in insulin release : The essential role of β 2-adrenergic receptor. In: Diabetes. 2012 ; Vol. 61, No. 3. pp. 692-701.
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