Adiposity, history of diabetes, and risk of pancreatic cancer in postmenopausal women

Rhonda Arthur, Geoffrey C. Kabat, Mimi Y. Kim, Gloria Y.F. Ho, Rowan T. Chlebowski, Kathy Pan, Thomas E. Rohan

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Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the association of type II diabetes and anthropometric variables with risk of pancreatic cancer among postmenopausal women. Methods: Weight, height, waist circumference, and hip circumference were measured by trained personnel, whereas history of diabetes and weight earlier in life were self-reported. Pancreatic cancer was ascertained via central review of medical records by physician adjudicators. After exclusions, 1045 cases of pancreatic cancer were diagnosed among 156,218 women over a median follow-up of approximately 18 years. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate the associations of study factors with pancreatic cancer risk. Results: Diabetes (hazards ratio (HR): 1.30; 95% confidence intervals (95% CI): 1.01–1.66), and in particular, waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, and waist-to-height ratio showed positive associations with pancreatic cancer risk (HRs for highest vs. lowest level 1.38; 95% CI: 1.14–1.66, 1.40; 1.17–1.68; and 1.36; 1.13–1.64, respectively). Body mass index at the baseline showed only a borderline positive association with risk (HR: 1.21; 95% CI: 0.97–1.51). Body mass index at age 50 years, but not at ages 18 and 35 years, was also associated with increased pancreatic cancer risk. Conclusions: In this study of postmenopausal women, central adiposity and, to a lesser extent, general adiposity and a history of diabetes, were associated with increased pancreatic cancer risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-29.e1
JournalAnnals of Epidemiology
Volume29
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2019

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Keywords

  • Adiposity
  • Body mass index
  • Cohort studies
  • Diabetes
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Postmenopausal women
  • Waist circumference
  • Waist-to-hip-ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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