Activation of the receptor for advanced glycation end products triggers a p21(ras)-dependent mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway regulated by oxidant stress

Harry M. Lander, James M. Tauras, Jason S. Ogiste, Osamu Hori, Rebecca A. Moss, Ann Marie Schmidt

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Abstract

Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) exert their cellular effects on cells by interacting with specific cellular receptors, the best characterized of which is the receptor for AGE (RAGE). The transductional processes by which RAGE ligation transmits signals to the nuclei of cells is unknown and was investigated. AGE-albumin, a prototypic ligand, activated p21(ras) in rat pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells that express RAGE, whereas nonglycated albumin was without effect. MAP kinase activity was enhanced at concentrations of AGE-albumin, which activated p21(ras) and NF-κB. Depletion of intracellular glutathione rendered cells more sensitive to AGE-mediated activation of this signaling pathway. In contrast, signaling was blocked by preventing p21(ras) from associating with the plasma membrane or mutating Cys118 on p21(ras) to Ser. Signaling was receptor-dependent, because it was prevented by blocking access to RAGE with either anti-RAGE IgG or by excess soluble RAGE. These data suggest that RAGE-mediated induction of cellular oxidant stress triggers a cascade of intracellular signals involving p21(ras) and MAP kinase, culminating in transcription factor activation. The molecular mechanism that triggers this pathway likely involves oxidant modification and activation of p21(ras).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17810-17814
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume272
Issue number28
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 5 1997

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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