ACR Appropriateness Criteria® Movement Disorders and Neurodegenerative Diseases

Expert Panel on Neurological Imaging:

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Movement disorders and neurodegenerative diseases are a variety of conditions that involve progressive neuronal degeneration, injury, or death. Establishing the correct diagnosis of a movement disorder or neurodegenerative process can be difficult due to the variable features of these conditions, unusual clinical presentations, and overlapping symptoms and characteristics. MRI has an important role in the initial assessment of these patients, although a combination of imaging and laboratory and genetic tests is often needed for complete evaluation and management. This document summarizes the imaging appropriateness data for rapidly progressive dementia, chorea, Parkinsonian syndromes, suspected neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation, and suspected motor neuron disease. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer reviewed journals and the application of well-established methodologies (RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation or GRADE) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios. In those instances where evidence is lacking or equivocal, expert opinion may supplement the available evidence to recommend imaging or treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S175-S187
JournalJournal of the American College of Radiology
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020

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Keywords

  • AUC
  • Appropriate Use Criteria
  • Appropriateness Criteria
  • Huntington disease
  • MRI
  • Motor neuron disease
  • Movement disorder
  • Neurodegenerative disease
  • Parkinsonian syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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