Chronic cyclosporin A (CsA) treatment results in major hemodynamic changes in the renal microvasculature and in expression of the intrarenal renin angiotensin system. Changes in renin expression in kidneys of CsA-treated rats include the recruitment of immunoreactive renin in afferent arterioles and in the juxtaglomerular apparatus. This study presents evidence that an acidic isoform of renin is increased in kidneys of CsA-treated rats. Immunoblots of rat kidney homogenate separated by polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis and also by isoelectric focusing demonstrate the presence of an acidic isoform (pI 5.5 and estimated molecular weight of approximately 32 to 36 kd) seen in increased amounts in kidney homogenate from CsA-treated rats. Silver-stained two-dimensional gels of renin separated from kidney homogenate with pepstatin agarose confirm the presence of an acidic renin isoform in CsA-treated rats. In rats that received CsA for varied intervals of 1, 3, 5, and 8 wk, this acidic isoform is shown to significantly accumulate relative to duration of treatment with CsA when immunoreactive bands are analyzed by densitometric scanning (r2 = 0.90, P < 0.001). Renin enzymatic activity also increased in kidney homogenate of CsA-treated rats relative to duration of treatment with CsA (r2 = 0.486, P < 0.001). Prorenin in these same samples was significantly decreased compared with controls. The acidic renin isoform identified in kidney homogenate of CsA-treated rats may be involved in the vascular changes that are seen in this model.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society of Nephrology|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 1 1996|
- Renin processing
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