Accelerated regression of brain metastases in patients receiving whole brain radiation and the topoisomerase II inhibitor, lucanthone

John D. Del Rowe, Jacqueline Bello, Robin Mitnick, Brij Sood, Christopher Filippi, Justin Moran, Katherine Freeman, Frances Mendez, Robert Bases

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To determine if lucanthone crossed the blood-brain barrier in experimental animals; and to determine accelerated tumor regression of human brain metastases treated jointly with lucanthone and whole brain radiation. Methods and Materials: The organ distribution of 3H lucanthone in mice and 125I lucanthone in rats was determined to learn if lucanthone crossed the blood-brain barrier. Size determinations were made of patients' brain metastases from magnetic resonance images or by computed tomography before and after treatment with 30 Gy whole brain radiation alone or with lucanthone. Results: The time course of lucanthone's distribution in brain was identical to that in muscle and heart after intraperitoneal or intravenous administration in experimental animals. Lucanthone, therefore, readily crossed the blood-brain barrier in experimental animals. Conclusion: Compared with radiation alone, the tumor regression in patients with brain metastases treated with lucanthone and radiation was accelerated, approaching significance using a permutation test at p = 0.0536.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-93
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

Keywords

  • Blood-brain barrier
  • Lucanthone
  • Topoisomerase II

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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