A video study of pain relief during newborn male circumcision

David J. Garry, E. Swoboda, A. Elimian, R. Figueroa

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this investigation was to compare the effectiveness of dorsal penile nerve block and topical lidocaine-prilocaine anesthesia techniques for pain relief during circumcision. Methods: In total, 18 healthy term newborn males were divided based on anesthesia. The topical lidocaine-prilocaine group had six males undergoing circumcision and three males undergoing a sham procedure. The dorsal penile nerve block group had six males undergoing circumcision and three males undergoing a sham procedure. The procedures were videotaped and viewed by 90 noninvestigator reviewers who scored the infants' pain using the Neonatal Infant Pain Scale and a numeric pain scale. Statistical analysis utilized a P-value of <0.05 as significant. Results: The median Neonatal Infant Pain Scale and numeric pain scores were significantly lower in the dorsal penile nerve block group than in the topical lidocaine-prilocaine group or the sham group (Neonatal Infant Pain Scale: 1.0 (range 0-6) versus 6.0 (range 2-6) versus 4.0 (range 0-6), P<0.001, respectively; numeric pain scale: 2.0 (range 0-10) versus 8.0 (range 1-10) versus 4.0 (range 0-10), P<0.001, respectively). In the sham group, procedures with the dorsal penile nerve block had significantly lower pain scores than those with topical lidocaine-prilocaine (Neonatal Infant Pain Scale: 1.0 (range 0-6) versus 5.0 (range 2- 6), P<0.001; numeric pain scale: 1.0 (0-8) versus 6.0 (range 0-10), P<0.001). When reviewers were divided by medical background, gender or parental status, no differences in pain scores were observed. Conclusion: The dorsal penile nerve block anesthesia technique for newborn male circumcision was significantly more effective for pain relief than topical lidocaine-prilocaine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)106-110
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Perinatology
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2006

Keywords

  • Dorsal penile nerve block
  • Gomco clamp
  • Lidocaine-prilocaine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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    Garry, D. J., Swoboda, E., Elimian, A., & Figueroa, R. (2006). A video study of pain relief during newborn male circumcision. Journal of Perinatology, 26(2), 106-110. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.jp.7211413