A strategy has been developed for caging proteins that are endogenously regulated by phosphorylation. A key phosphorylatable serine in cofilin, an F-actin cleaving protein, was replaced with a nonphosphorylatable cysteine. The latter conversion ensures that the protein is no longer regulated by endogenous protein kinases. The cysteine residue was subsequently covalently modified with a negatively charged caging moiety, which electrostatically mimics the natural serine phosphate present in the inactive wild-type protein. Photoremoval of the cage generates an active protein, which cannot be switched off by endogenous protein kinases. Caged cofilin, and its irradiated counterpart, display the anticipated F-actin depolymerization and severing activities.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry