Purpose: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a five-day regimen of oral 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) plus eniluracil (776C85) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). Patients and methods: Seventy-five patients with metastatic CRC that was previously untreated or refractory to 5-FU-leucovorin (LV) were enrolled and divided into two strata based upon their treatment history. Twenty-four had not previously received chemotherapy or had received adjuvant chemotherapy that ended > 6 months prior to enrollment on study (previously untreated stratum). Fifty-one patients had disease refractory to intravenous (i.v.) 5-FU-LV (previously treated stratum). All patients received seven consecutive daily doses of eniluracil (20 mg/day) with once daily oral 5-FU given on days 2-6, repeated every four weeks. One-half of the patients in each stratum also received 50 mg/day oral LV on days 2-6. The 5-FU dose was 25 mg/m2 when administered without LV and 20 mg/m2 when administered with LV. Results: Partial response (PR) was noted in 2 of 12 patients receiving eniluracil-5-FU and in 3 of 12 patients receiving eniluracil-5-FU-LV in the previously untreated stratum. No responses were observed in the refractory disease stratum, however, 15 patients (30%) demonstrated stable disease over 2-18+ courses of therapy. Non-hematologic toxicities were mild; only 7% of patients experienced grade 3 diarrhea. Myelosuppression was frequent and dose limiting. Neutropenic sepsis was reported in 13.5% of patients. Conclusions: Eniluracil with 5-FU administered orally with or without LV on a five-day schedule is active and well tolerated when given as primary therapy to patients with metastatic CRC.
- Colon cancer
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