Several heterozygous mutations within the gene encoding the α-subunit of Gs (GNAS1), the G protein that stimulates adenylyl cyclase, have been previously identified in patients with Albright hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO). We have now identified a fourth GNAS1 mutation from an AHO patient. Amplification by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of a genomic fragment encompassing GNAS1 exons 7 and 8 from one patient resulted in a product with aberrant migration on nondematuring polyacrylamide and agarose gels. Direct DNA sequencing identified a 4-bp deletion in one allele of exon 7 encoding a frameshift with a premature stop codon. Analysis of lymphocyte RNA by reverse transcription-PCR and direct sequencing showed that the GNAS1 allele bearing the mutation is not expressed as mRNA. Consistent with this, Northern analysis revealed an approximate 50% deficiency in steady-state levels of GNAS1 mRNA. These findings further illustrate the heterogeneity of GNAS1 gene defects in AHO.
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