3 Cases of Systemic Strongyloides in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Patients

Sarah Lumsden, Vagish S. Hemmige, Laila Woc-Colburn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Strongyloides stercolaris is an intestinal nematode that is endemic in tropical and subtropical areas. In immunocompromised individuals such as individuals with human T-lymphotrophic virus 1 or history of corticosteroid use, Strongyloides (SS) infection can accelerate to hyperinfection or disseminated infection, conditions which are associated with high mortality. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is not considered to be a risk factor for systemic SS infection; however, dozens of cases of HIV patients that have developed SS in the absence of recognized risk factors have been described in the literature. Although the burden of SS in HIV patients is not as high as would be expected if HIV was an equivalent risk factor to human T-lymphotrophic virus 1 or steroid usage, the number of reported cases indicates that there may be a relationship between HIV and SS. We report 3 additional cases of HIV patients with SS infections that presented at a major metropolitan county hospital in Houston, Tex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)150-153
Number of pages4
JournalInfectious Diseases in Clinical Practice
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • disseminated strongyloides
  • HIV
  • strongyloides hyperinfection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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