15d-PGJ2 inhibits oxidized LDL-induced macrophage proliferation by inhibition of GM-CSF production via inactivation of NF-κB

Tomoko Matsuo, Takeshi Matsumura, Masakazu Sakai, Takafumi Senokuchi, Miyuki Yano, Shinsuke Kiritoshi, Kazuhiro Sonoda, Daisuke Kukidome, Richard G. Pestell, Michael Brownlee, Takeshi Nishikawa, Eiichi Araki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations


Macrophage-derived foam cells play an important role in atherosclerotic lesions. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) induces macrophage proliferation via production of GM-CSF in vitro. This study investigated the effects of 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2), a natural ligand for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ, on macrophage proliferation. Mouse peritoneal macrophages and RAW264.7 cells were used for proliferation study and reporter gene assay, respectively. Twenty microgram per milliliter of Ox-LDL induced [ 3H]thymidine incorporation in mouse peritoneal macrophages, and 15d-PGJ2 inhibited Ox-LDL-induced [3H]thymidine incorporation in a dose-dependent manner. Ox-LDL increased GM-CSF release and GM-CSF mRNA expression, and activated GM-CSF gene promoter, all of which were prevented by 15d-PGJ2 or 2-cyclopenten-1-one, a cyclopentenone ring of 15d-PGJ2. The suppression of GM-CSF promoter activity by 15d-PGJ2 and 2-cyclopenten-1-one was mediated through reduction of NF-κB binding to GM-CSF promoter. These results suggest that 15d-PGJ 2 inhibits Ox-LDL-induced macrophage proliferation through suppression of GM-CSF production via NF-κB inactivation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)817-823
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 13 2004



  • 15-Deoxy-Δ-prostaglandin J
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Granulocyte/macrophage colony stimulating factor
  • Macrophage proliferation
  • Oxidized low-density lipoprotein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Matsuo, T., Matsumura, T., Sakai, M., Senokuchi, T., Yano, M., Kiritoshi, S., Sonoda, K., Kukidome, D., Pestell, R. G., Brownlee, M., Nishikawa, T., & Araki, E. (2004). 15d-PGJ2 inhibits oxidized LDL-induced macrophage proliferation by inhibition of GM-CSF production via inactivation of NF-κB. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 314(3), 817-823. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2003.12.161