Increasing Sleep Health Literacy in Head Start: A Social-Ecological Approach

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

? DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Inadequate and/or poor quality sleep in early childhood impairs social-emotional and cognitive function (via effects on the developing brain), and markedly increases obesity risk (via hormonal and endocrine effects). Short sleep duration, behavioral sleep problems and sleep-disordered breathing peak at 20%-50%, during the preschool years (ages 3-5). Healthy sleep habits increase sleep duration and prevent behavioral sleep problems. Awareness of sleep-disordered breathing symptoms leads to timely treatment for it. Despite ample data on sleep problems ...much less work has been done on effective strategies to promote sleep as a healthy behavior (CDC 2013). This study's overarching goal is to empower families of preschool children with the knowledge and skills needed for healthy sleep, and to recognize a sleep problem. It builds on our work in Head Start, an early childhood education (ECE) program for disadvantaged preschool children and their families: Our Early Childhood Sleep Education Program (ECSEP(tm)) educates Head Start teachers, children, and parents about healthy sleep in a way they can process and understand. In a randomized controlled trial, the children in the ECSEP group slept 30 minutes longer/night. As well, our UCLA Health Care Institute's structured approach to low literacy health training in Head Start (to reduce ER visits, obesity, etc.) has reached >100,000 families. The proposed study will implement a Social-Ecological web of multi-level interventions to reinforce the ECSEP, and to promote healthy sleep throughout ECE. Within Head Start, we will create new delivery platforms (print & video, family visits) that 'amplify' the ECSEP. Beyond Head Start, we will educate communities, and partner with stakeholders on strategies designed to embed `sleep health literacy' in ECE policy. This project will: 1) Adapt sleep education material into additional multi media formats, and; apply the Health Care Institute model to train Head Start staff to mount interventions and collect data. 2) Enroll 540 parent-child dyads from 7 Head Start agencies in New York in a stepped wedge randomized controlled trial. We will analyze trial effects on primary outcomes: a) child sleep duration, b) parent knowledge, attitudes, self-efficacy and behavior, and c) child sleep difficulties. 3) Assess the feasibility of screening and guidance for sleep problems (vs. sleep health) for a future efficacy study. Secondary outcomes are: classroom behaviors, policy change, and process data. Poor sleep in early development has ramifications for years to come, perhaps through adulthood. Head Start serves low-income, mainly racial-ethnic minority families, in whom sleep health disparities are greatest-- but are modifiable. This study joins together proven methods of delivering health literacy (Health Care Institute) and sleep health (ECSEP) programs in Head Start. Intervening at every level of the Social-Ecological model maximizes the study's reach and sustainability. Integrating sleep health literacy into ECE nationwide could ultimately benefit upwards of 4 million children. The potential impact upon human health is far-reaching.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date8/1/158/31/15

Funding

  • Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development: $18,091.00

ASJC

  • Pediatrics
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Research and Theory
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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