Purpose: We investigated the possible association between perioperative epidural and both cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS) in patients undergoing partial or radical nephrectomy for localized renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed on patients who underwent complete surgical resection of localized RCC from 1994-2008 at our institution. Baseline demographics and pathological and survival data were collected. Patients with clinically or pathologically positive lymph nodes or metastatic disease at the time of surgery were excluded. Patients with pathologically positive surgical margins were also excluded. Patients were divided into two groups, systemic analgesia and epidural analgesia. Multivariable Cox regression analysis was used to determine CSS and OS, and survival curves were generated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Four hundred thirty-eight patients were included in the analysis. Baseline characteristics of both groups were similar. Median follow-up was 77 months. On multivariable analysis, patient age (hazard ratio [HR], 1.04; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.02 to 1.07), epidural status (HR, 0.5; 95% CI, 0.4 to 0.8), year of surgery (HR, 0.9; 95% CI, 0.89 to 0.95), and pathologic T-stage (pT-stage) ≥ 2 (pT-stage2: HR, 2.2; 95% CI, 1.2 to 4.1 and pT-stage3: HR, 3.1; 95% CI, 2.0 to 4.7) were independent predictors of OS. Nevertheless, epidural status did not significantly predict CSS (P = 0.73), while T-stage and year of surgery maintained their respective predictive significance. Tumour grade did not significantly affect OS or CSS. Conclusions: Our retrospective analysis suggests that epidural at the time of surgical excision of localized RCC does not significantly impact CSS. Nevertheless, use of epidural was associated with significantly improved OS. Future prospective clinical and laboratory studies are warranted in order to characterize these associations further and determine the underlying mechanisms.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine