CLINICAL RESERCH CENTER FOR COMMUNICATIVE DISORDERS

  • Ruben, Robert J. (PI)
  • Vaughn, Herbert (PI)
  • Stapells, David (PI)
  • Gravel, Judith (PI)
  • Kurtzberg, Diane (PI)
  • Bernstein, Richard (PI)
  • Kruger, Barbara (PI)
  • Giraudi-Perry, Diane (PI)

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

The Clinical Research Center for Communicative Disorders in
Children (Center), comprising investigators from several medical
and scientific disciplines, was established three years ago. The
Center's purpose is to develop new knowledge to improve the
detection, treatment and prevention of communication disorders
in children. These studies are carried out through the Core and
six interrelated projects, utilizing behavioral and
electrophysiologic techniques to examine the ontogeny of auditory
language functions in normal and high-risk infants and children.
The Core is responsible for recruiting and maintaining the study
cohort; pediatric, otolaryngologic, neurodevelopmental,
audiologic, linguistic and cognitive assessment; data processing;
statistical design and analysis, and the overall administration of
the projects. Project I will study the developmental changes in
sound pressure transformation of the external ear in infants and
children. Project II will determine the relationship between
behavioral audiometry and frequency-specific auditory brainstem
responses in normal-hearing infants and young children, and in
infants and children with conductive or cochlear hearing loss.
Project III will prospectively relate early auditory discrimination
learning capacities to the development of normal and abnormal
language. Project IV will develop and validate
electrophysiological methods to detect auditory discriminative
processing deficits in young infants which may contribute to
impaired speech and language. Project V will determine the
electrophysiological characteristics of hearing and language
dysfunction throughout the auditory system and will evaluate the
electrophysiological effects or different stimulus manipulations in
children with these deficits. Project VI will utilize topographical
analysis of event-related potentials to delineate the
developmental electrophysiological correlates of linguistic
processing in normal young children and those with developmental
language disorders. The Center serves as a multidisciplinary
resource for continuing research and education in the area of the
communication disorders of children at the Albert Einstein
College of Medicine and its affiliated institutions.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date1/1/901/1/90

Funding

  • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
  • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

ASJC

  • Pediatrics
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Sensory Systems
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Signal Processing
  • Speech and Hearing
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Molecular Biology
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Linguistics and Language

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