ZBP2 facilitates binding of ZBP1 to β-actin mRNA during transcription

Feng Pan, Stefan Hüttelmaier, Robert H. Singer, Wei Gu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

79 Scopus citations


Cytoplasmic mRNA localization regulates gene expression by spatially restricting protein translation. Recent evidence has shown that nuclear proteins (such as hnRNPs) are required to form mRNPs capable of cytoplasmic localization. ZBP1 and ZBP2, two hnRNP K homology domain-containing proteins, were previously identified by their binding to the zipcode, the sequence element necessary and sufficient for β-actin mRNA localization. ZBP1 colocalizes with nascent β-actin mRNA in the nucleus but is predominantly a cytoplasmic protein. ZBP2, in contrast, is predominantly nuclear. We hypothesized that the two proteins cooperate to localize β-actin mRNA and sought to address where and how this might occur. We demonstrate that ZBP2, a homologue of the splicing factor KSRP, binds initially to nascent β-actin transcripts and facilitates the subsequent binding of the shuttling ZBP1. ZBP1 then associates with the RNA throughout the nuclear export and cytoplasmic localization process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8340-8351
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Issue number23
StatePublished - Dec 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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