YXXM Motifs in the PDGF-β Receptor Serve Dual Roles as Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase Binding Motifs and Tyrosine-based Endocytic Sorting Signals

Haiyan Wu, David A. Windmiller, Ling Wang, Jonathan M. Backer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI 3-kinases) are important regulators of endocytic trafficking. Previous studies have shown that mutant human platelet-derived growth factor-β receptors (PDGFR), which contain Phe in place of Tyr at the two p85/p110 PI 3-kinase binding sites (PDGFR-F/F), are defective for both p85 binding and ligand-stimulated degradation. This suggested that p85/p110 regulates PDGFR trafficking. However, more recent work has identified hVPS34, and not p85/p110, as the major PI 3-kinase regulating the movement of receptors through the endosomal system. To reconcile this discrepancy, we hypothesized that YXXM motifs in the PDGFR might play a second role as Tyr-based lysosomal sorting motifs (YXXφ). To test this, we replaced both YXXM motifs with a motif from LAMP-1, YQTI. This mutant PDGFR (PDGFR-YQTI) still underwent PDGF-stimulated autophosphorylation but did not bind p85. In CHO cells, both wild-type and YQTI receptors showed PDGF-stimulated turnover, whereas F/F receptors did not. In addition, uptake and degradation of cell surface-labeled YXXM and YQTI receptors was fast relative to F/F receptors. We also constructed chimeras containing extracellular and membrane-spanning domains from CD25 (Tac) and cytoplasmic tails containing the YQTI motif, two YXXM motifs, or two mutant FXXM motifs. The YXXM and YQTI chimeras mediated lysosomal delivery of fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled anti-CD25 antibodies, whereas the F/F chimera was defective. Thus, YQTI motifs can target PDGFR for degradation in the absence of p85/p110 binding, and the p85/p110 binding motifs from PDGFR are sufficient to target Tac chimeras to the lysosome. These data suggest that the YXXM motifs in the PDGFR serve two distinct functions: nase recruitment and lysosomal targeting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40425-40428
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume278
Issue number42
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 17 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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