Youth substance use in a context of family homelessness

William M. Bannon, Nisha Beharie, Orly Olshtain-Mann, Mary M. McKay, Leah Goldstein, Mary A. Cavaleri, Marni L. LoIacono, Laura J. Elwyn, Kosta Kalogerogiannis, Ervin Torres, Angela Paulino, Rita Lawrence

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: This study examines the relationship between family processes and youth substance use debuts among a sample of youth residing in urban family homeless shelters. Method: Data regarding shelter experiences, youth and family characteristics, and the use of three substances (i.e., cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana) were gathered from a sample of youth (11-14 years) and their respective parents residing in an urban family homeless shelter system. Multinomial logistic regression analysis was used to examine the influences on youth substance use. Results: Of the 198 youth included in the statistical analysis, 72% (n = 143) reported no substance use debuts, while 18% (n = 35) indicated one and 10% (n = 20) indicated two to three substance use debuts. Within the final model, greater substance use debut was associated with being older (13-14 vs. 11-12; OR = 7.5; 95% CI = 1.8-30.9) and stressors exposure (OR = 4.8; 95% CI = 1.5-14.7). Furthermore, youth of adult caretakers that reported low levels of the three family processes considered were almost four and a half more likely (OR = 4.4; 95% CI = 1.2-16.5) to have made two to three substance use debuts. Conclusions: Family processes may be a particularly important intervention target toward reducing the rate of substance use among youth residing in urban family homeless shelters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalChildren and Youth Services Review
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Homeless Persons
homelessness
homeless family
Cannabis
Tobacco Products
statistical analysis
regression analysis
parents
Parents
Logistic Models
logistics
alcohol
Regression Analysis
Alcohols

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Drug use
  • Homeless shelters
  • Homelessness
  • Interventions
  • Youth and family

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Bannon, W. M., Beharie, N., Olshtain-Mann, O., McKay, M. M., Goldstein, L., Cavaleri, M. A., ... Lawrence, R. (2012). Youth substance use in a context of family homelessness. Children and Youth Services Review, 34(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2010.12.002

Youth substance use in a context of family homelessness. / Bannon, William M.; Beharie, Nisha; Olshtain-Mann, Orly; McKay, Mary M.; Goldstein, Leah; Cavaleri, Mary A.; LoIacono, Marni L.; Elwyn, Laura J.; Kalogerogiannis, Kosta; Torres, Ervin; Paulino, Angela; Lawrence, Rita.

In: Children and Youth Services Review, Vol. 34, No. 1, 01.01.2012, p. 1-7.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bannon, WM, Beharie, N, Olshtain-Mann, O, McKay, MM, Goldstein, L, Cavaleri, MA, LoIacono, ML, Elwyn, LJ, Kalogerogiannis, K, Torres, E, Paulino, A & Lawrence, R 2012, 'Youth substance use in a context of family homelessness', Children and Youth Services Review, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2010.12.002
Bannon WM, Beharie N, Olshtain-Mann O, McKay MM, Goldstein L, Cavaleri MA et al. Youth substance use in a context of family homelessness. Children and Youth Services Review. 2012 Jan 1;34(1):1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2010.12.002
Bannon, William M. ; Beharie, Nisha ; Olshtain-Mann, Orly ; McKay, Mary M. ; Goldstein, Leah ; Cavaleri, Mary A. ; LoIacono, Marni L. ; Elwyn, Laura J. ; Kalogerogiannis, Kosta ; Torres, Ervin ; Paulino, Angela ; Lawrence, Rita. / Youth substance use in a context of family homelessness. In: Children and Youth Services Review. 2012 ; Vol. 34, No. 1. pp. 1-7.
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