White paper on microbial anti-cancer therapy and prevention

Neil S. Forbes, Robert S. Coffin, Liang Deng, Laura Evgin, Steve Fiering, Matthew Giacalone, Claudia Gravekamp, James L. Gulley, Hal Gunn, Robert M. Hoffman, Balveen Kaur, Ke Liu, Herbert Kim Lyerly, Ariel E. Marciscano, Eddie Moradian, Sheryl Ruppel, Daniel A. Saltzman, Peter J. Tattersall, Steve Thorne, Richard G. VileHalle Huihong Zhang, Shibin Zhou, Grant McFadden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this White Paper, we discuss the current state of microbial cancer therapy. This paper resulted from a meeting ('Microbial Based Cancer Therapy') at the US National Cancer Institute in the summer of 2017. Here, we define 'Microbial Therapy' to include both oncolytic viral therapy and bacterial anticancer therapy. Both of these fields exploit tumor-specific infectious microbes to treat cancer, have similar mechanisms of action, and are facing similar challenges to commercialization. We designed this paper to nucleate this growing field of microbial therapeutics and increase interactions between researchers in it and related fields. The authors of this paper include many primary researchers in this field. In this paper, we discuss the potential, status and opportunities for microbial therapy as well as strategies attempted to date and important questions that need to be addressed. The main areas that we think will have the greatest impact are immune stimulation, control of efficacy, control of delivery, and safety. There is much excitement about the potential of this field to treat currently intractable cancer. Much of the potential exists because these therapies utilize unique mechanisms of action, difficult to achieve with other biological or small molecule drugs. By better understanding and controlling these mechanisms, we will create new therapies that will become integral components of cancer care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number78
JournalJournal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 6 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'White paper on microbial anti-cancer therapy and prevention'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Forbes, N. S., Coffin, R. S., Deng, L., Evgin, L., Fiering, S., Giacalone, M., Gravekamp, C., Gulley, J. L., Gunn, H., Hoffman, R. M., Kaur, B., Liu, K., Lyerly, H. K., Marciscano, A. E., Moradian, E., Ruppel, S., Saltzman, D. A., Tattersall, P. J., Thorne, S., ... McFadden, G. (2018). White paper on microbial anti-cancer therapy and prevention. Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer, 6(1), [78]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40425-018-0381-3