Vulvovaginal Conditions: Yeast/candida

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is the second most common cause of vaginal discharge, after bacterial vaginosis. It is an inflammatory condition of the vulva and vagina usually caused by Candida species and rarely other fungi. The symptoms of the infection are nonspecific and include vaginal pruritus, soreness, and discharge, external dysuria, and dyspareunia. The management of the infection depends on classification of infection as complicated or uncomplicated based on predisposing conditions and physical exam findings. Bacterial vaginosis is a frequent cause of vaginal discharge and recurrences are common. It results from alteration of the normal vaginal flora with replacement of hydrogen peroxide-producing lactobacilli with primarily anaerobic bacteria. If symptomatic, it is associated with a malodorous discharge and may be associated with irregular or prolonged menses and abdominal pain. Examination shows a white, yellow or gray homogenous discharge adherent to the vaginal wall. Diagnosis is made with microscopy using Amsel's clinical criteria. Treatment is indicated for any symptomatic patient, especially pregnant women, due to the association with miscarriage and preterm birth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPractical Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
PublisherBlackwell Publishing Ltd.
Pages285-288
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9780470673874
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 25 2013

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Candida
Vaginal Discharge
Bacterial Vaginosis
Yeasts
Infection
Vulvovaginal Candidiasis
Dyspareunia
Dysuria
Vulva
Menstruation
Anaerobic Bacteria
Premature Birth
Lactobacillus
Vagina
Spontaneous Abortion
Pruritus
Abdominal Pain
Hydrogen Peroxide
Pregnant Women
Microscopy

Keywords

  • Bacterial vaginosis
  • Candida vulvovaginitis
  • Fungal vaginitis
  • Monilial vulvovaginitis
  • Vaginal candidiasis
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Vulvovaginal candidiasis
  • Yeast vaginitis
  • Yeast vulvitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Maslyanskaya, S., & Alderman, E. M. (2013). Vulvovaginal Conditions: Yeast/candida. In Practical Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology (pp. 285-288). Blackwell Publishing Ltd.. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118538555.ch43

Vulvovaginal Conditions : Yeast/candida. / Maslyanskaya, Sofya; Alderman, Elizabeth M.

Practical Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2013. p. 285-288.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Maslyanskaya, S & Alderman, EM 2013, Vulvovaginal Conditions: Yeast/candida. in Practical Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., pp. 285-288. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118538555.ch43
Maslyanskaya S, Alderman EM. Vulvovaginal Conditions: Yeast/candida. In Practical Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 2013. p. 285-288 https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118538555.ch43
Maslyanskaya, Sofya ; Alderman, Elizabeth M. / Vulvovaginal Conditions : Yeast/candida. Practical Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2013. pp. 285-288
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