Viral hepatitis as a cause of renal disease

N. Kevin Krane, Paul Gaglio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Viral hepatitis has become a recognized cause of both acute and chronic renal disease. Acute and chronic viral infections may result in formation of immune complexes that can become deposited in the glomerular capillary basement membrane, stimulating both cytokine production and complement activation and producing a variety of glomerular lesions. Chronic viral infections may also result in production of mixed polyclonal IgG and monoclonal IgM cryoglobulins, which result in systemic vasculitic syndromes that also involve the kidney. Glomerular injury through these mechanisms may become clinically manifested as either acute glomerulonephritis or the nephrotic syndrome. Because of the worldwide prevalence of hepatitis B and C infections, they are important public health problems that may lead to a variety of important renal diseases. Further understanding of the mechanisms by which these viruses induce injury will allow more effective treatment strategies to reverse the renal diseases induced by hepatotropic viral infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)354-360
Number of pages7
JournalSouthern Medical Journal
Volume92
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1999
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Virus Diseases
Hepatitis
Kidney
Cryoglobulins
Glomerular Basement Membrane
Complement Activation
Wounds and Injuries
Nephrotic Syndrome
Hepatitis C
Glomerulonephritis
Antigen-Antibody Complex
Hepatitis B
Chronic Renal Insufficiency
Immunoglobulin M
Public Health
Immunoglobulin G
Cytokines
Viruses
Infection
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Krane, N. K., & Gaglio, P. (1999). Viral hepatitis as a cause of renal disease. Southern Medical Journal, 92(4), 354-360.

Viral hepatitis as a cause of renal disease. / Krane, N. Kevin; Gaglio, Paul.

In: Southern Medical Journal, Vol. 92, No. 4, 04.1999, p. 354-360.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Krane, NK & Gaglio, P 1999, 'Viral hepatitis as a cause of renal disease', Southern Medical Journal, vol. 92, no. 4, pp. 354-360.
Krane NK, Gaglio P. Viral hepatitis as a cause of renal disease. Southern Medical Journal. 1999 Apr;92(4):354-360.
Krane, N. Kevin ; Gaglio, Paul. / Viral hepatitis as a cause of renal disease. In: Southern Medical Journal. 1999 ; Vol. 92, No. 4. pp. 354-360.
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