Vascular responses to angiotensin-(1-7) during the estrous cycle

Liomar A.A. Neves, David B. Averill, Carlos M. Ferrario, Judy L. Aschner, K. Bridget Brosnihan

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mesenteric arteries (230-290 μm) were isolated from virgin female rats at diestrous and proestrous phases of the estrous cycle and from ovariectomized (OVX) rats with or without estrogen (E 2) replacement (17β-estradiol, 7.5 + 5 mg pellets, 21 d release). Arteries were mounted in a pressurized myograph system. Angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] concentration-dependent responses (10 -10-10 -5 M) were determined in arteries preconstricted with endothelin-1 (10 -7 M). Mesenteric arteries were pretreated with the specific Ang-(1-7) antagonist, D-[Ala 7]-Ang-(1-7) (10 -7 M) to assess the Ang-(1-7) receptor-mediated dilator effect. Ang-(1-7) did not dilate mesenteric arteries from virgin rats at diestrus and placebo-treated OVX female rats as compared to the time control; however, Ang-(1-7) elicited a modest dilation at proestrus as compared to diestrus, which reached statistical significance at 10 -8 M concentrations. Ang-(1-7) caused a concentration-dependent vasodilation in mesenteric arteries of females with E 2 replacement, with an EC 50 of 21 nM. D-[Ala 7]-Ang-(1-7) blocked the vasodilator effect of Ang-(1-7). Our results demonstrate that during proestrus Ang-(1-7) elicits modest vasodilation as compared to diestrus, but lacks vasodilatory properties in vessels from diestrous and ovariectomized rats. Estrogen replacement restores a significant dilator response to Ang-(1-7) in OVX rats that is mediated by a D-[Ala 7]-Ang-(1-7) sensitive site.

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Keywords

  • Estrogen replacement
  • Hypertension
  • Renin-angiotensin system
  • Vasodilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Neves, L. A. A., Averill, D. B., Ferrario, C. M., Aschner, J. L., & Brosnihan, K. B. (2004). Vascular responses to angiotensin-(1-7) during the estrous cycle. Endocrine, 24(2), 161-165. https://doi.org/10.1385/ENDO:24:2:161