Background: Recent genome-wide association studies have identified a number of common variants associated with fasting glucose homeostasis and type 2 diabetes in populations of European origin. This is a replication study to examine whether such associations are also observed in Chinese Hans. Methods: We genotyped nine variants in or near MADD, ADRA2A, CRY2, GLIS3, PROX1, FADS1, C2CD4B, IGF1 and IRS1 in a population-based cohort including 3,210 unrelated Chinese Hans from Beijing and Shanghai. Results: We confirmed the associations of GLIS3-rs7034200 with fasting glucose (beta = 0.07 mmol/l, P = 0.03), beta cell function (HOMA-B) (beta = -3.03%, P = 0.009), and type 2 diabetes (OR [95%CI] = 1.27 [1.09-1.49], P = 0.003) after adjustment for age, sex, region and BMI. The association for type 2 diabetes remained significant after adjusting for other diabetes related risk factors including family history of diabetes, lipid profile, medication information, hypertension and life style factors, while further adjustment for HOMA-B abolished the association. The A-allele of CRY2-rs11605924 was moderately associated with increased risk of combined IFG/type 2 diabetes (OR [95%CI] = 1.15[1.01-1.30], P = 0.04). SNPs in or near MADD, ADRA2A, PROX1, FADS1, C2CD4B, IGF1, and IRS1 did not exhibit significant associations with type 2 diabetes or related glycemic traits (P≥0.10). Conclusions: In conclusion, our results indicate the associations of GLIS3 locus with type 2 diabetes and impaired fasting glucose in Chinese Hans, partially mediated through impaired beta-cell function. In addition, we also found modest evidence for the association of CRY2-rs11605924 with combined IFG/type 2 diabetes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)