BACKGROUND: In the myocardium, pericytes are often confused with other interstitial cell types, such as fibroblasts. The lack of well-characterized and specific tools for identification, lineage tracing, and conditional targeting of myocardial pericytes has hampered studies on their role in heart disease. In the current study, we characterize and validate specific and reliable strate-gies for labeling and targeting of cardiac pericytes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using the neuron-glial antigen 2 (NG2)DsRed reporter line, we identified a large population of NG2+ periendothelial cells in mouse atria, ventricles, and valves. To examine possible overlap of NG2+ mural cells with fibroblasts, we generated NG2DsRed; platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) αEGFP pericyte/fibroblast dual reporter mice. Myocardial NG2+ pericytes and PDGFRα+ fibroblasts were identified as nonoverlapping cellular populations with distinct transcriptional signatures. PDGFRα+ fibroblasts expressed high levels of fibrillar collagens, matrix metalloproteinases, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases, and genes encoding matricellular proteins, whereas NG2+ pericytes expressed high levels of Pdgfrb, Adamts1, and Vtn. To validate the specificity of pericyte Cre drivers, we crossed these lines with PDGFRαEGFP fibroblast reporter mice. The constitutive NG2Cre driver did not specifically track mural cells, labeling many cardiomyocytes. However, the inducible NG2CreER driver specifically traced vascular mural cells in the ventricle and in the aorta, without significant labeling of PDGFRα+ fibroblasts. In contrast, the inducible PDGFRβCreER line labeled not only mural cells but also the majority of cardiac and aortic fibroblasts. CONCLUSIONS: Fibroblasts and pericytes are topographically and transcriptomically distinct populations of cardiac interstitial cells. The inducible NG2CreER driver optimally targets cardiac pericytes; in contrast, the inducible PDGFRβCreER line lacks specificity.
- Lineage tracing
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine