Use of an extracorporeal membrane oxygenation circuit as a bridge to salvage a major upper-extremity replant in a critically ill patient

Patrick J. Greaney, Michael Cordisco, Daniel Rodriguez, Jordanna Newberger, Alan D. Legatt, Evan S. Garfein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Major replantation of the upper extremity is defined as replantation at or above the level of the wrist. Selection of appropriate candidates is complex and requires consideration of many patient- and injury-associated factors including patient age, associated injuries, patient desire, mechanism of injury, ischemia time, wound condition, and presence of multiple-level injury. With respect to age, younger patients, especially children, are deemed to have a distinct advantage over more elderly patients due to improved nerve regeneration, and many advocate making every effort to replant this population. The risks of major upper-extremity replantation are significant and include bleeding, depletion of coagulation factors, secondary infection, and sepsis. As a result, major systemic illness and significant associated injuries are accepted as contraindications to limb salvage in this patient population. Herein we describe the use of an extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) circuit as a potential bridge for short-term preservation of the extremity in a young patient with an acute, concomitant systemic illness. In the authors' opinion, use of ECMO perfusion is a viable means of maintaining extremity perfusion over hours or even days and may lead to broadened replant criteria in patients with associated injuries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)517-521
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of reconstructive microsurgery
Volume26
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 17 2010

Keywords

  • ECMO
  • Replantation
  • limb perfusion
  • salvage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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