Urinary incontinence: Diagnosis, treatment, and avoiding complications

Renee Rolston, Begüm Özel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Urinary incontinence is defined as the complaint of involuntary leakage of urine. Urinary incontinence impacts physical, psychological, and social well-being. In order to achieve an accurate diagnosis, a detailed history and physical exam are important. An initial evaluation should include a detailed history, urinalysis, cough stress test, evaluation of post-void residual, focused neurologic assessment, and examination for urethral hypermobility and pelvic organ prolapse. Urodynamic testing and cystoscopy may be indicated in some patients. Treatment varies based on the type of urinary incontinence and symptom severity. First-line therapy should always consist of less invasive and more conservative treatment options as they have been shown to be highly effective with minimal risk. These therapies include pelvic floor exercises, biofeedback, bladder training, weight loss, modification in fluid and caffeine intake, urethral inserts, and incontinence pessaries. Depending on the type of incontinence characterized, more invasive treatment options can be implemented if no improvement with conservative management. Typically, women with stress incontinence who have failed conservative therapies are offered surgical intervention, whereas women with urgency incontinence may be treated with pharmacologic management, intradetrusor onabotulinum toxin A, or neuromodulation. Most incontinence can be made better with available therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Gynecology
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages743-754
Number of pages12
Volume2
ISBN (Electronic)9783319177984
ISBN (Print)9783319177977
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 28 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Urinary Incontinence
History
Pessaries
Therapeutics
Pelvic Organ Prolapse
Cystoscopy
Pelvic Floor
Urinalysis
Urodynamics
Neurologic Examination
Caffeine
Exercise Test
Cough
Weight Loss
Urinary Bladder
Urine
Exercise
Psychology
Conservative Treatment

Keywords

  • Mixed urinary incontinence
  • Sling
  • Stress urinary incontinence
  • Urgency urinary incontinence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Health Professions(all)

Cite this

Rolston, R., & Özel, B. (2017). Urinary incontinence: Diagnosis, treatment, and avoiding complications. In Handbook of Gynecology (Vol. 2, pp. 743-754). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-17798-4_71

Urinary incontinence : Diagnosis, treatment, and avoiding complications. / Rolston, Renee; Özel, Begüm.

Handbook of Gynecology. Vol. 2 Springer International Publishing, 2017. p. 743-754.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Rolston, R & Özel, B 2017, Urinary incontinence: Diagnosis, treatment, and avoiding complications. in Handbook of Gynecology. vol. 2, Springer International Publishing, pp. 743-754. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-17798-4_71
Rolston R, Özel B. Urinary incontinence: Diagnosis, treatment, and avoiding complications. In Handbook of Gynecology. Vol. 2. Springer International Publishing. 2017. p. 743-754 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-17798-4_71
Rolston, Renee ; Özel, Begüm. / Urinary incontinence : Diagnosis, treatment, and avoiding complications. Handbook of Gynecology. Vol. 2 Springer International Publishing, 2017. pp. 743-754
@inbook{d6d4ccd0ecc646838cf8179cfb425563,
title = "Urinary incontinence: Diagnosis, treatment, and avoiding complications",
abstract = "Urinary incontinence is defined as the complaint of involuntary leakage of urine. Urinary incontinence impacts physical, psychological, and social well-being. In order to achieve an accurate diagnosis, a detailed history and physical exam are important. An initial evaluation should include a detailed history, urinalysis, cough stress test, evaluation of post-void residual, focused neurologic assessment, and examination for urethral hypermobility and pelvic organ prolapse. Urodynamic testing and cystoscopy may be indicated in some patients. Treatment varies based on the type of urinary incontinence and symptom severity. First-line therapy should always consist of less invasive and more conservative treatment options as they have been shown to be highly effective with minimal risk. These therapies include pelvic floor exercises, biofeedback, bladder training, weight loss, modification in fluid and caffeine intake, urethral inserts, and incontinence pessaries. Depending on the type of incontinence characterized, more invasive treatment options can be implemented if no improvement with conservative management. Typically, women with stress incontinence who have failed conservative therapies are offered surgical intervention, whereas women with urgency incontinence may be treated with pharmacologic management, intradetrusor onabotulinum toxin A, or neuromodulation. Most incontinence can be made better with available therapies.",
keywords = "Mixed urinary incontinence, Sling, Stress urinary incontinence, Urgency urinary incontinence",
author = "Renee Rolston and Beg{\"u}m {\"O}zel",
year = "2017",
month = "8",
day = "28",
doi = "10.1007/978-3-319-17798-4_71",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9783319177977",
volume = "2",
pages = "743--754",
booktitle = "Handbook of Gynecology",
publisher = "Springer International Publishing",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Urinary incontinence

T2 - Diagnosis, treatment, and avoiding complications

AU - Rolston, Renee

AU - Özel, Begüm

PY - 2017/8/28

Y1 - 2017/8/28

N2 - Urinary incontinence is defined as the complaint of involuntary leakage of urine. Urinary incontinence impacts physical, psychological, and social well-being. In order to achieve an accurate diagnosis, a detailed history and physical exam are important. An initial evaluation should include a detailed history, urinalysis, cough stress test, evaluation of post-void residual, focused neurologic assessment, and examination for urethral hypermobility and pelvic organ prolapse. Urodynamic testing and cystoscopy may be indicated in some patients. Treatment varies based on the type of urinary incontinence and symptom severity. First-line therapy should always consist of less invasive and more conservative treatment options as they have been shown to be highly effective with minimal risk. These therapies include pelvic floor exercises, biofeedback, bladder training, weight loss, modification in fluid and caffeine intake, urethral inserts, and incontinence pessaries. Depending on the type of incontinence characterized, more invasive treatment options can be implemented if no improvement with conservative management. Typically, women with stress incontinence who have failed conservative therapies are offered surgical intervention, whereas women with urgency incontinence may be treated with pharmacologic management, intradetrusor onabotulinum toxin A, or neuromodulation. Most incontinence can be made better with available therapies.

AB - Urinary incontinence is defined as the complaint of involuntary leakage of urine. Urinary incontinence impacts physical, psychological, and social well-being. In order to achieve an accurate diagnosis, a detailed history and physical exam are important. An initial evaluation should include a detailed history, urinalysis, cough stress test, evaluation of post-void residual, focused neurologic assessment, and examination for urethral hypermobility and pelvic organ prolapse. Urodynamic testing and cystoscopy may be indicated in some patients. Treatment varies based on the type of urinary incontinence and symptom severity. First-line therapy should always consist of less invasive and more conservative treatment options as they have been shown to be highly effective with minimal risk. These therapies include pelvic floor exercises, biofeedback, bladder training, weight loss, modification in fluid and caffeine intake, urethral inserts, and incontinence pessaries. Depending on the type of incontinence characterized, more invasive treatment options can be implemented if no improvement with conservative management. Typically, women with stress incontinence who have failed conservative therapies are offered surgical intervention, whereas women with urgency incontinence may be treated with pharmacologic management, intradetrusor onabotulinum toxin A, or neuromodulation. Most incontinence can be made better with available therapies.

KW - Mixed urinary incontinence

KW - Sling

KW - Stress urinary incontinence

KW - Urgency urinary incontinence

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85037871326&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85037871326&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-319-17798-4_71

DO - 10.1007/978-3-319-17798-4_71

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:85037871326

SN - 9783319177977

VL - 2

SP - 743

EP - 754

BT - Handbook of Gynecology

PB - Springer International Publishing

ER -